Adolescent Condom Use, the Health Belief Model, and the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 25, Issue 1, pages 61–66, January 1996
How to Cite
Hiltabiddle, S. J. (1996), Adolescent Condom Use, the Health Belief Model, and the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 25: 61–66. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.1996.tb02514.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
- August 1994
Objective: To review factors associated with adolescent condom use for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Data sources: Thirty-six references on adolescent development, STDs, STD risk factors, and factors influencing condom use among heterosexual adolescents.
Study selection: Twenty-two research articles addressing issues influencing condom use by heterosexual adolescents.
Data synthesis: This review identifies unique risk factors related to adolescents and their risk for STDs, barriers to and facilitators of condom use, and suggestions for health care providers to increase condom use among adolescents.
Conclusions: Although research on condom use among adolescents has inherent difficulties, current findings, along with reported high rates of STDs in this population, indicate infrequent and inconsistent condom use. Many factors contribute to the motivation for condom use and should be assessed individually. Using the Health Belief Model as a theoretical framework, health care providers can guide the adolescent to make realistic risk assessments and identify positive ways of incorporating condoms into their sexual lives. Further research then must be conducted to test the effectiveness of this approach.