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Obiective: To compare the benefits of one-to-one nurse labor support with the benefits of usual intrapartum nursing care in women stimulated with oxytoc in.

Design: A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Setting: A 637-bed university hospital.

Participants: One hundred nulliparous women 37 weeks or more gestation, carrying singletons, in labor with vertex presentation, stimulated with oxytocin, less than 5 cm dilated at baseline, and not scheduled for cesarean delivery or induction nor having paid labor support present.

Interventions: One-to-one care consisted of the presence of a nurse during labor and birth who provided emotional support, physical comfort, and instruction on relaxation and coping techniques. Usual care consisted of care for 2–3 laboring women with supportive activities varying by nurse.

Main Outcome Measure: Cesarean delivery.

Results: A beneficial trend because of one-to-one nurse support, with a 56% reduction in risk of total cesarean deliveries [RR of experimental vs. control = 0.44 (95% confidence interval = 0.19 to 1.01)].

Conclusion: The beneficial trend in reducing cesarean deliveries attributed to one-to-one nursing in women stimulated with oxytocin suggests that continuous support by intrapartum nursing staff may benefit women stimulated with oxytocin during labor.