Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Women With HIV Infection
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2006
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 470–477, July 2002
How to Cite
Erlen, J. A., Sereika, S. M., Cook, R. L. and Hunt, S. C. (2002), Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Women With HIV Infection. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 31: 470–477. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2002.tb00070.x
- Issue published online: 9 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2006
- Accepted: January 2002
- HIV infection;
- Risk-taking behavior
Objective: The overall objective of this secondary analysis was to examine self-reported adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a sample of women with HIV.
Design: The primary study used survey methodology.
Setting: The setting included a university-based HIV/AIDS clinic in southwestern Pennsylvania and a community-based HIV/AIDS clinic in eastern Pennsylvania.
Participants: Sixty-one women infected with HIV who were taking protease inhibitors.
Main Outcome Measure: Self-reported adherence was based on responses to two questions: whether the person had missed a dose of her medications within the past 24 hours, and how many pills the person had taken on time as scheduled (none, very few, a few, about half, most, nearly all, all of them).
Results: Adherence ranged from 60% to 75%. Two thirds (65.6%) of the sample thought that their medications were helping them; three fifths (57.4%) thought that it was dangerous to miss a dose of their medications.
Conclusions: Adherence in this sample was less than perfect, suggesting the need to develop, implement, and test interventions to promote better adherence to antiretroviral medication regimens among women with HIV.