Breastfeeding by Hispanic Women
Article first published online: 16 MAR 2009
© 2009 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 38, Issue 2, pages 244–252, March/April 2009
How to Cite
Gill, S. L. (2009), Breastfeeding by Hispanic Women. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 38: 244–252. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2009.01013.x
- Issue published online: 16 MAR 2009
- Article first published online: 16 MAR 2009
- Accepted October 2008
- breastfeeding Hispanic/Latina breastfeeding infant feeding
Objective: To review the literature to describe Hispanic breastfeeding beliefs, attitudes, and practices in the United States.
Data Sources: Using the search terms “Hispanics” and “breastfeeding,” both CINAHAL and MEDLINE (Ovid) databases were queried. Only research studies conducted in the United States from 1998 and 2008 were included in the review.
Study Selection: Fifty-five articles were located. Based on inclusion criteria, 38 research articles were included in this review.
Data Extraction: Each study was analyzed in relation to the purpose of the review.
Data Synthesis: Study findings were synthesized and organized into categories: acculturation status, breastfeeding intention, factors influencing initiation, breastfeeding barriers, breastfeeding support, and breastfeeding interventions.
Conclusions: Breastfeeding initiation rates are high among Hispanics living in the United States. Newly immigrated women initiate and continue to breastfeed longer than more acculturated women. Unfortunately, exclusive breastfeeding and duration rates fall well below the desired goals of Healthy People 2010. Interventions aimed at encouraging and supporting women to maintain their cultural traditions, beliefs, and practices related to breastfeeding are needed.