Pesticides and Health Risks

Authors

  • Robyn C. Gilden,

    1. RN, MS, is a doctoral candidate and program manager at the Environmental Health Education Center, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.
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  • Katie Huffling,

    1. RN, MS, CNM, is the assistant director of nurse-midwifery at Dimensions OB/GYN Associates, Cheverly, MD.
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  • Barbara Sattler

    1. RN, DrPH, FAAN, is a professor and director of the Environmental Health Education Center, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.
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Correspondence
Robyn C. Gilden, RN, MS, Environmental Health Education Center, 655 W. Lombard Street, Room 665, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD 21201.
rgilden@son.umaryland.edu

ABSTRACT

Pesticides are a category of chemicals formulated to kill or repel a pest or halt its reproduction. In this article we review the toxicological and epidemiological literature; describe common potential pesticide exposures; and focus on the associated health risks to fetal development. Clinical implications are reviewed, and recommendations are made regarding the integration of this environmental health concern into nursing education, practice, research, and policy/advocacy work. Recommendations for pesticide elimination and reduction in health care settings are included.

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