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Keywords:

  • nursing education;
  • awareness;
  • spiritual/cultural diversity

Purpose of the Program

  1. Top of page
  2. Purpose of the Program
  3. Proposed Change
  4. Implementation, Outcomes, and Evaluation
  5. Implications for Nursing Practice

Spiritual and cultural diversity are prevalent in our society and in the clients we serve in our healthcare system. Our patients have challenging medical complexities that require careful integration of their individualized spiritual and cultural needs. The effectiveness of the care nurses provide is dependent on their awareness of and sensitivity to these needs. The purpose of this program is to determine if providing education, post education resources, and a personal self-assessment could increase nurses' confidence, comfort, and knowledge base in the area of spiritual and cultural diversity in health care.

Proposed Change

  1. Top of page
  2. Purpose of the Program
  3. Proposed Change
  4. Implementation, Outcomes, and Evaluation
  5. Implications for Nursing Practice

This project was designed to examine the impact of an educational offering on nurses' attitudes and beliefs about cultural and spiritual care.

Implementation, Outcomes, and Evaluation

  1. Top of page
  2. Purpose of the Program
  3. Proposed Change
  4. Implementation, Outcomes, and Evaluation
  5. Implications for Nursing Practice

Data acquired in a pre-assessment convenience sample of 29 nurses in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) supported the need for this project. Participants completed a self assessment tool to document personal perceptions to help increase awareness of their own values and beliefs that influenced their attitudes and behaviors. They were also given a self learning module to provide more intensive education. Additional resource material was also available post education. Survey data after project activities demonstrated a significant increase in nurses' confidence to provide appropriate interventions for families in spiritual/cultural distress (72%), a significant increase in confidence of personal knowledge of spiritual and cultural care (55%), and an increase in overall comfort in discussing spiritual and cultural needs of the family (39%). Lastly, 100% of staff felt that completing a personal self-assessment increased their overall learning.

Implications for Nursing Practice

  1. Top of page
  2. Purpose of the Program
  3. Proposed Change
  4. Implementation, Outcomes, and Evaluation
  5. Implications for Nursing Practice

Nurses should focus on awareness of spiritual and cultural diversity. One of the main goals of nursing is to provide state of the art health care balanced with a holistic plan of care. Our patients present with challenging medical complexities that require careful integration of their individual spiritual and cultural needs. Basic nursing education only scratches the surface of what is truly needed for staff to be comfortable with the vast diversity in which we practice. The effectiveness of care is dependent on an understanding of the critical issues at hand and an awareness of and sensitivity to multicultural/spiritual demographics.