The authors report no conflict of interest or relevant financial relationships.
Comparison of Temporal Artery and Axillary Temperatures in Healthy Newborns
Article first published online: 17 MAY 2012
© 2012 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 41, Issue 3, pages 383–388, May/June 2012
How to Cite
Haddad, L., Smith, S., Phillips, K. D. and Heidel, R. E. (2012), Comparison of Temporal Artery and Axillary Temperatures in Healthy Newborns. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 41: 383–388. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2012.01367.x
- Issue published online: 17 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 17 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: JAN 2012
- newborn temperatures;
- axillary temperature;
- temporal artery temperature
To compare temperature readings of temporal artery and axillary thermometers in healthy late preterm and term infants in an effort to standardize practice.
Thirty-bed, healthy mother/baby unit in an inner-city Level-1 trauma center, averaging 2,500 births per year.
Healthy newborns (N = 125) admitted to mother/baby unit after birth, at least 35 weeks gestation, and weighing greater than 1,900 grams.
Temperatures were taken at regular intervals per unit protocol. At each interval temporal and axillary temperatures were recorded.
Temporal temperatures were significantly higher (M = 36.9°C, SD = .59) than axillary temperatures (M = 36.7°C, SD = .68), t(124) = 6.74, p < .0001. Although statistical significance was shown between the two groups, no meaningful clinical difference was detected.
Our study findings supported a new nursing practice standard for measuring infant temperatures in our mother/baby unit. Using temporal artery thermometers is now our unit's standard of care for healthy newborns.