The Challenges and Realties of Diaper Area Cleansing for Parents
Disclosure: Christine Furber has presented findings at professional conferences in Johnson & Johnson–sponsored sessions.Carol Bedwell has attended Johnson & Johnson advisory meetings and presented findings at professional conferences in Johnson & Johnson–sponsored sessions.Michael Cork acted as a consultant and has also given paid lectures for Johnson & Johnson.Tina Lavender has attended Johnson & Johnson advisory meetings and presented findings at professional conferences in Johnson & Johnson–sponsored sessions.
Christine Furber, RM, MSc, PhD, The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, School of Nursing Midwifery & Social Work, Jean McFarlane Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom. firstname.lastname@example.org
To explore the complexities of diaper area cleansing reported by women participating in a randomized controlled trial designed to compare optimally formulated baby wipes (Johnson's Baby Skincare fragrance free wipe) with cotton wool and water.
A mixed-method design incorporating quantitative and qualitative methods to explore maternal views and experiences of using baby wipes or cotton wool and water to cleanse their newborn's diaper area over an 8-week period.
Participants were recruited from a large regional maternity hospital in Northern England.
Participants included 280 women and their healthy term newborns; 252 provided 4-week data (90.0%) and 237 provided 8-week data (85.0%).
Data from diaries and structured face-to-face interviews at 4 weeks and telephone interviews at 8 weeks were transcribed and thematically analyzed to identify themes. Quantitative data were compared between randomized groups using descriptive statistics and two-group tests, where appropriate.
Major themes identified highlighted the practical realities of diaper area cleansing, diaper area cleansing and everyday life, and living with the rhetoric that water is best. Baby wipes were perceived as more convenient efficient at cleansing. Some women using cotton wool and water did not cleanse skin after urination alone. Diaper changing was significantly more frequent in the baby wipes group at 4 weeks, but there was no significant difference between the groups at 8 weeks.
Women are faced with a complex environment regarding diaper area cleansing and need clear evidence-based advice and guidance on effective diaper area cleansing.