The authors report no conflict of interest or relevant financial relationships.
Fathers’ Thoughts on Breastfeeding and Implications for a Theory-Based Intervention
Article first published online: 3 AUG 2012
© 2012 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 41, Issue 6, pages E41–E50, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Mitchell-Box, K. and Braun, K. L. (2012), Fathers’ Thoughts on Breastfeeding and Implications for a Theory-Based Intervention. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 41: E41–E50. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2012.01399.x
- Issue published online: 26 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 3 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: MAY 2012
- social support;
- health education;
- qualitative research
To explore male partner's perceptions of breastfeeding to inform the development of interventions to increase their support of breastfeeding.
Qualitative grounded theory.
Participants were recruited and interviewed in two Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) clinics located Honolulu, Hawai‘i.
Fourteen male partners of low-income pregnant women or new mothers.
Male partner attitudes, knowledge, and feelings were collected through private interviews. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and data were analyzed using grounded theory methods.
All men appreciated breastfeeding's health benefits, acknowledged that it was natural, and were empathetic to the efforts of their partners. The men also discussed not being involved in the breastfeeding decision, believing formula feeding was more convenient than breastfeeding, feeling left out of the infant-feeding process, and being uncomfortable with breastfeeding in public.
Findings suggest that an intervention to increase male partner support of breastfeeding should include multiple components to enhance knowledge, to empower men to be more engaged in the breastfeeding decision, to provide specific tips on how men can be involved in breastfeeding, and to increase comfort with breastfeeding in public. A multicomponent framework such as the social cognitive theory could be useful in guiding the development of such an intervention.