Does Interview Date Affect Match List Position in the Emergency Medicine National Residency Matching Program Match?

Authors

  • LeeAnne Martin-Lee MD,

    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, Michigan State University Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies (LML, HP, DTO), Kalamazoo, MI.
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  • HaeWon Park MD,

    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, Michigan State University Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies (LML, HP, DTO), Kalamazoo, MI.
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  • David T. Overton MD, MBA,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, Michigan State University Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies (LML, HP, DTO), Kalamazoo, MI.
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  • The Emergency Medicine Residency Interview Date Study Group

    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, Michigan State University Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies (LML, HP, DTO), Kalamazoo, MI.
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  • 3

    The Emergency Medicine Residency Interview Study Group: Akron General Hospital: Jack Bradford, DO; Albany Medical Center: Joel Bartfield, MD; Allegheny-Medical College of Pennsylvania: Robert McNamara, MD; William Beaumont Hospital: Keith Wilkinson, MD; Brooklyn Hospital: Lisandro Irizarry, MD; Carolinas Medical Center: Sandy Craig, MD; Cooper Hospital-University Medical Center: Graceann Endicott; Denver Health Medical Center: Lee Shockley, MD; East Carolina University: Charles K. Brown, MD, Donna Morgan; Emory University: Dave Kramer, MD; George Washington University: Leigh Anne Gebara; Hennepin County Medical Center: Douglas Brunette, MD, Shari Augustin; Henry Ford Hospital: Chris Lewandowski, MD; Indiana University-Methodist Hospital: Deloris Davidson; Maricopa Medical Center: Paul Blackburn, DO; Medical College of Wisconsin: Gary Swart, MD; Medical Center of Delaware: Neil Jasani, MD; Metro Health Medical Center: Rita Cydulka, MD; University of Mississippi Medical Center: Sharron White; University of New Mexico: Sandra Mirabel; North Shore University: Joseph LaMantia, MD; New York University-Bellevue: Wallace Carter, MD; Orlando Regional Medical Center: Jay Falk, MD; Oregon Health Services University: Harold Thomas, MD; Penn State-York Hospital: Douglas Kupas, MD; Regions Hospital-St. Paul: Felix Ankel, MD; St. John Hospital: Donald Benson, MD; Spectrum Health-Grand Rapids: Michael Brown, MD; Summa Health System: Michael Beeson, MD; State University of New York at Stony Brook: Connie Meade; Texas Tech University: John MacKay, MD; University of Connecticut: Susan Dufel, MD; University of Florida: David Seaberg, MD; University of Illinois College of Medicine: Marc Squillante, DO, Glenda Henry; University of Louisville: Salvator Vicario, MD; University of Pennsylvania: Suzanne Shepherd, MD; University of California-Irvine: Mark Langdorf, MD, Lauren Katz; University of California-San Diego: Stephen Hayden, MD; University of California San Francisco-Fresno: Herbert Bivens, MD, Greg Hendey, MD; Vanderbilt University: Birdia Byars: Wake Forest University-Baptist Medical Center: Earl Schwartz, MD; Washington University: Dane Chapman, MD, Douglas Char, MD, Linda Barth; Wayne State-Detroit Medical Center: Robert Wahl, MD; Wright State University: Scott Doak, MD.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Michigan State University Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, 1000 Oakland Drive, Kalamazoo, MI 49008. Fax: 616-337-6475; e-mail: overton@kcms.msu.edu

Abstract

Abstract. Objective: Some residency applicants believe that the date on which they interview with a residency program influences how the program ranks them in the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP). Therefore, the authors studied whether interview date affects match list position in the emergency medicine (EM) residency match. Methods: Forty-four Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited EM residency programs participated in this multicenter study. The interview date and match list position were collected for each interviewee for the 1997-98 season. Programs were also asked about factors that might potentially bias interview date assignment. Statistical analyses were performed both with and without these programs included. Interview dates and match list positions were standardized into percentile date and percentile rank for each program and were compared using linear regression analysis. Scatterplots graphed interview date vs match list position. Two-sample t-tests compared interview dates for ranked and nonranked interviewees. Results: Data were collected for 3,800 individual interviews; 14% of these resulted in unranked applicants. Twenty-three programs, representing 1,997 interviews, reported potential bias in their interview date assignment. Regression analysis revealed an R2 of 0.018268 (correlation coefficient = 0.1352, 95% CI = 0.0992 to 0.1617) for all programs, R2 of 0.010626 (correlation coefficient = 0.1031, 95% CI = 0.0571 to 0.1485) for programs without reported potential bias, and R2 of 0.02444 (correlation coefficient = 0.1563, 95% CI = 0.10887 to 0.20309) for programs with reported bias. Scatterplots revealed no linear correlation. Two-sample t-tests for all programs, and programs with and without reported bias showed no significant difference in average interview date for ranked and unranked interviewees (both with p > 0.2). Conclusion: In this study, interview date for EM residency positions in the 1997-98 season did not affect match list position among ranked applicants. Moreover, interview date had nno effect on the decision to leave candidates unranked.

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