SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    U.S. General Accounting Office. Emergency Departments Unevenly Affected by Growth and Change in Patient Use, Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Health for Families and the Uninsured, Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate. Washington , DC : GAO/HRD, Jan 1993.
  • 2
    Lynn SG, Allison EJ, Kellermann AE. Hospital overcrowding and emergency department backup. In: HellsternRA. Managing the Emergency Department: A Team Approach. Dallas , TX : American College of Emergency Physicians, 1992, pp 5970.
  • 3
    Ramsey FE. Enhancing patient flow. In: HellsternRA. Managing the Emergency Department: A Team Approach. Dallas , TX : American College of Emergency Physicians, 1992, pp 95104.
  • 4
    Lynn SG, Kellermann AL. Critical decision-making: managing the emergency department in an overcrowed hospital. Ann Emerg Med 1991; 20: 28792.
  • 5
    American College of Emergency Physicians. Measures to deal with emergency department overcrowding. Ann Emerg Med 1990; 19: 9445.
  • 6
    Tandberg D, Qualls C. Time series forecasts of emergency department patient volume, length of stay, and acuity. Ann Emerg Med 1994; 23: 299306.
  • 7
    Bazarian JJ, Schneider SM, Newman VJ. Do admitted patient held in the emergency department impact the throughput of treat-and-release patients? Acad Emerg Med 1996; 3: 11138.
  • 8
    Derlet RW, Kinser D, Ray L, Hamilton B, McKenzie J. Prospective identification and triage of nonemergency patients out of an emergency department: a 5-year study. Ann Emerg Med 1995; 25: 21523.
  • 9
    Rund AR. Introduction and background. In : Triage. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 1981, pp 310.
  • 10
    Weinerman ER. Yale studies in ambulatory medical care: use of hospital emergency services. Am J Public Health 1966; 56: 103756.
  • 11
    Rosen P. A method of triage within an emergency department. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians 1974; 3(2):85, 86.
  • 12
    Kyriacou DN, Ricketts V, Dyne PL, McCollough MD, Talan DA. A 5-year time study analysis of emergency department patient care efficiency. Ann Emerg Med 1999; 34: 32635.
  • 13
    George S. Differences in priorities assigned to patients by triage nurses and by consultant physicians in accident and emergency departments. J Epidemiol Commun Health 1993; 47: 3125.
  • 14
    Brillman JC, Doezema D, Tandberg D, Sklar DP, Skipper BJ. Triage: limitations in predicting need for emergent care and hospital admission. Am J Emerg Med 1997; 15(1):2933.
  • 15
    Seaberg DC, MacLeod BA. Correlation between triage nurse and physician ordering of ED tests. Am J Emerg Med 1998; 16(1):811.
  • 16
    Lee KM, Wong TW, Chan R, Lau CC, Fu YK, Fung KH. Accuracy and efficiency of x-ray requests initiated by triage nurses in an accident and emergency department. Accid Emerg Nurs 1996; 4: 17981.
  • 17
    Parris W, McCarthy S, Kelly AM, Richardson S. Do triage nurse-initiated x-rays for limb injuries reduce patient transit time? Accid Emerg Nurs 1997; 5(1):145.
  • 18
    Hansagi H, Carlsson B, Brismar B. The urgency of care need and patient satisfaction at a hospital emergency department. Health Care Manage Rev 1992; 17: 715.
  • 19
    Derlet RW, Nishio DA. Refusing care to patients who present to an emergency department. Ann Emerg Med 1990; 19: 2627.
  • 20
    Beddingfield FC, Üner AB, Kwon H, Baraff LJ. A survey of nonphysician medical screening examinations in academic emergency medicine. Acad Emerg Med 2000; 7: 615.
  • 21
    DiPasquale JT, Nichols JA, Runge JW. Can patients requiring a single physician evaluation be predicted at triage? [abstract]. Acad Emerg Med 1994; 1(2):A29.
  • 22
    Baker DW, Stevens CD, Brook RH. Patients who leave a public hospital emergency department without being seen by a physician. Causes and consequences. JAMA 1991; 266: 108590.
  • 23
    Stock LM, Bradley GE, Lewis RJ. Patients who leave emergency departments without being seen by a physician: magnitude of the problem in Los Angeles County. Ann Emerg Med 1994; 23: 2948.
  • 24
    Fernandes CM, Price A, Christenson JM. Does reduced length of stay decrease the number of emergency department patients who leave without seeing a physician? J Emerg Med 1997; 15: 3979.