• 1
    Salas E, Rosen MA, King H. Managing teams managing crises: principles of teamwork to improve patient safety in the emergency room and beyond. Theor Issues Ergon Sci. 2007; 8:38194.
  • 2
    Thomas EJ, Taggart B, Crandell S, et al. Teaching teamwork during the neonatal resuscitation program: a randomized trial. J Perinatology. 2007; 27:40914.
  • 3
    Holcomb JB, Dumire RD, Crommett JW, et al. Evaluation of trauma team performance using an advanced human patient simulator for resuscitation training. J Trauma. 2002; 52:107885.
  • 4
    Moorthy K, Munz Y, Forrest D, et al. Surgical crisis management skills training and assessment--a stimulation-based approach to enhancing operating room performance. Ann Surg. 2006; 244:13947.
  • 5
    Reznek M, Smith-Coggins R, Howard S, et al. Emergency medicine crisis resource management (EMCRM): pilot study of a simulation-based crisis management course for emergency medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 2003; 10:3869.
  • 6
    Shapiro MJ, Morey JC, Small SD, et al. Simulation based teamwork training for emergency department staff: does it improve clinical team performance when added to an existing didactic teamwork curriculum? Qual Saf Health Care. 2004; 13:41721.
  • 7
    Baker DP, Beaubien JM, Holtzman AK. Department of Defense Medical Team Training Programs: An Independent Case Study Analysis. (Prepared by the American Institutes for Research under Contract No. 282–98-0029, Task Order No. 54) AHRQ Publication No. 06-0001. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2006.
  • 8
    Marks MA, Mathieu JE, Zaccaro SJ. A temporally based framework and taxonomy of team processes. Acad Manag Rev. 2001; 26:35676.
  • 9
    Cannon-Bowers JA, Tannenbaum SI, Salas E, Volpe CE. Defining team competencies and establishing team training requirements. In: GuzzoR, SalasE (eds.). Team Effectiveness and Decision Making in Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1995, pp 33380.
  • 10
    Baker D, Gustafson S, Beaubien J. Medical teamwork and patient safety: the evidence-based relation. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2007.
  • 11
    Hackman JR. Why teams don’t work. In: TindaleRS, HeathL, EdwardsJ (eds.). Theory and Research on Small Groups. New York, NY: Plenum, 1998, pp 24567.
  • 12
    Hackman JR. The design of work teams. In: LorschJW (ed.). Handbook of Organizational Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1987, pp 31542.
  • 13
    Kozlowski SW, Bell BS. Work groups and teams in organizations. In: BormanWC, IlgenDR, KlimoskiRJ (eds.). Handbook of Psychology: Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Vol 12. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2003, pp 33375.
  • 14
    Guzzo RA, Shea GP. Group performance and inter-group relations in organizations. In: DunnetteMD, HoughLM (eds.). Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1992, pp 269313.
  • 15
    Salas E, Dickinson TL, Converse SA, Tannenbaum SI. Toward an understanding of team performance and training. In: SwezeyRW, SalasE (eds.). Teams: Their Training and Performance. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1992, pp 329.
  • 16
    Sundstrom E, Demeuse KP, Futrell D. Work teams: Applications and effectiveness. Am Psychol. 1990; 45:12033.
  • 17
    McGrath J. Groups: Interaction and Performance. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984.
  • 18
    Kozlowski SW, Gully SM, Nason ER, Smith EM. Developing adaptive teams: a theory of compilation and performance across levels and time. In: IlgenDR, PulakosED (eds.). The Changing Nature of Performance: Implications for Staffing, Motivation, and Performance. San Franscisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1999, pp 24192.
  • 19
    Kozlowski SW, Gully SM, McHugh PP, Salas E, Cannon-Bowers JA. A dynamic theory of leadership and team effectiveness: Developmental and task contingent leader roles. In: FerrisGR (ed.). Research in Personnel and Human Resource Management. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1996, pp 253305.
  • 20
    LePine JA, Piccolo RF, Jackson CL, Mathieu JE, Saul JR. A meta-analysis of teamwork processes: tests of a mutidimensional model and relationships with team effectiveness criteria. Pers Psychol. 2008; 61:273307.
  • 21
    Dickinson TL, McIntyre RM. A conceptual framework for teamwork measurement. In: BrannickMT, SalasE, PrinceC (eds.). Team Performance Assessment and Measurement: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997, pp 1943.
  • 22
    Kozlowski SWJ, Watola D, Jensen JM, Kim B, Botero I. Developing adaptive teams: a theory of dynamic team leadership. In: SalasE, GoodwinGF, BurkeCS (eds.). Team Effectiveness in Complex Organizations: Cross-disciplinary Perspectives and Approaches. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2009, pp 10946.
  • 23
    Shiflett S. Toward a general model of small group productivity. Psychol Bull. 1979; 86:679.
  • 24
    Salas E, Sims DE, Burke CS. Is there a “big five” in teamwork? Small Group Res. 2005; 36:55599.
  • 25
    Kozlowski SW, Ilgen DR. Enhancing the effectiveness of work groups and teams. Psychol Sci. 2006; 7:77124.
  • 26
    Fleishman EA, Zaccaro SJ. Toward a taxonomy of team performance functions. In: SwezeyRW, SalasE (eds.). Teams: Their Training and Performance. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1992.
  • 27
    O’Leary-Kelly AM, Martocchio JJ, Frink DD. A review of the influence of group goals on group performance. Acad Manag J. 1994; 37:1285301.
  • 28
    Hackman JR, Oldman GR. Work Redesign. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1980.
  • 29
    Stout RJ, Cannon-Bowers JA, Salas E, Milanovich DM. Planning, shared mental models, and coordinated performance: an empirical link is established. Hum Factors. 1999; 41:6171.
  • 30
    Morey JC, Simon R, Jay GD, et al. Error reduction and performance improvement in the emergency department through formal teamwork training: evaluation results of the MedTeams project. Health Serv Res. 2002; 37:155381.
  • 31
    Jentsch F, Barnett J, Bowers CA, Sales E. Who is flying this plane anyway? What mishaps tell us about crew member role assignment and air crew situation awareness. Hum Factors. 1999; 41:114.
  • 32
    Austin JT, Vancouver JB. Goal constructs in psychology: structure, process, and content. Psychol Bull. 1996; 120:33875.
  • 33
    Porter C, Hollenbeck JR, Ilgen DR, Ellis AP, West BJ, Moon H. Backing up behaviors in teams: the role of personality and legitimacy of need. J Appl Psychol. 2003; 88:391403.
  • 34
    Tesluk PE, Mathieu JE, Zaccaro SJ, Marks MA. Task and aggregation issues in the analysis and assessment of team performance. In: BrannickMT, SalasE, PrinceC (eds.). Team Performance and Measurement: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997, pp 197224.
  • 35
    Kozlowski SWJ, Toney RJ, Mullins ME, Weissbein DA, Brown KG, Bell BS. Developing adaptability: a theory for the design of integrated-embedded training systems. In: SalasE (ed.). Advances in Human Performance and Cognitive Engineering Research. Vol 1. Amsterdam: JAI/Elsevier Science, 2001, pp 59123.
  • 36
    Burke CS, Stagl KC, Klein C, Goodwin GF, Salas E, Halpin SA. What type of leadership behaviors are functional in teams? A meta-analysis. Leadership Q. 2006; 17:288307.
  • 37
    Zaccaro SJ, Rittman AL, Marks MA. Team leadership. Leadership Q. 2001; 12:45183.
  • 38
    Klimoski R, Mohammed S. Team mental model: construct or metaphor? J Manag. 1994; 20:40337.
  • 39
    Kozlowski SWJ, Gully SM, Salas E, Cannon-Bowers JA. Team leadership and development: theory, principles, and guidelines for training leaders and teams. In: BeyerleinMM, JohnsonDA, BeyerleinST (eds.). Advances in Interdisciplinary Studies of Work Teams: Team Leadership. Vol 3. New York, NY: Elsevier Science/JAI Press; 1996, pp 25391.
  • 40
    McIntyre RM, Salas E. Measuring and managing for team performance: emerging principles from complex environments. In: GuzzoRA, SalasE (eds.). Team Effectiveness and Decision Making in Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1995.
  • 41
    Bandow D. Time to create sound teamwork. J Qual Particip. 2001; 24:417.
  • 42
    Fowlkes J, Dwyer DJ, Oser RL, Salas E. Event-based approach to training (EBAT). Int J Aviat Psychol. 1998; 8:20921.
  • 43
    Salas E, Rozell D, Mullen B, Driskell JE. The effect of team building on performance--an integration. Small Group Res. 1999; 30:30929.