This is a proceeding from a workshop session of the 2008 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, “The Science of Simulation in Healthcare: Defining and Developing Clinical Expertise,” Washington, DC, May 28, 2008.
Defining Team Performance for Simulation-based Training: Methodology, Metrics, and Opportunities for Emergency Medicine
Article first published online: 1 OCT 2008
© 2008 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Academic Emergency Medicine
Special Issue: Proceedings of The 2008 AEM Consensus Conference: The Science of Simulation in Healthcare: Defining and Developing Clinical Expertise Guest Editors:Amy Kaji, MD, PhD David C. Cone, MD
Volume 15, Issue 11, pages 1088–1097, November 2008
How to Cite
Shapiro, M. J., Gardner, R., Godwin, S. A., Jay, G. D., Lindquist, D. G., Salisbury, M. L. and Salas, E. (2008), Defining Team Performance for Simulation-based Training: Methodology, Metrics, and Opportunities for Emergency Medicine. Academic Emergency Medicine, 15: 1088–1097. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2008.00251.x
- Issue published online: 3 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 1 OCT 2008
- Received July 9, 2008; revision received July 18, 2008; accepted July 18, 2008.
- emergency medicine;
Across health care, teamwork is a critical element for effective patient care. Yet, numerous well-intentioned training programs may fail to achieve the desired outcomes in team performance. Hope for the improvement of teamwork in health care is provided by the success of the aviation and military communities in utilizing simulation-based training (SBT) for training and evaluating teams. This consensus paper 1) proposes a scientifically based methodology for SBT design and evaluation, 2) reviews existing team performance metrics in health care along with recommendations, and 3) focuses on leadership as a target for SBT because it has a high likelihood to improve many team processes and ultimately performance. It is hoped that this discussion will assist those in emergency medicine (EM) and the larger health care field in the design and delivery of SBT for training and evaluating teamwork.