SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Nationwide Inpatient Sample using ICD-9 410 and 411. Available at: http://hcupnet.ahrq.gov/HCUPnet.jsp. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
  • 2
    Bertoni A, Bonds D, Thom G, Chen GJ, Goff DC Jr. Acute coronary syndrome national statistics: challenges in definitions. Am Heart J. 2005; 149:105561.
  • 3
    Anderson JL, Adams CD, Antman EM, et al. ACC/AHA 2007 guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007; 50:e1e157.
  • 4
    Alexander KP, Roe MT, Chen AY, et al. Evolution in cardiovascular care for elderly patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: results from the CRUSADE National Quality Improvement Initiative. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005; 46:147987.
  • 5
    Peterson ED, Roe MT, Mulgund J, et al. Association between hospital process performance and outcomes among patients with acute coronary syndromes. JAMA 2006; 295:191220.
  • 6
    Eagle KA, Montoye CK, Riba AL. Guidelines-based standardized care is associated with substantially lower mortality in Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005; 46:12428.
  • 7
    Rogers WJ, Canto JG, Lambrew CT, et al. Temporal trends in the treatment of over 1.5 million patients with myocardial infarction in the US from 1990 through 1999: the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 1, 2 and 3. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000; 36:205663.
  • 8
    Freemantle N, Cleland J, Young P, Mason J, Harrison J. Beta blockade after myocardial infarction: systematic review and meta regression analysis. BMJ 1999; 318:17307.
  • 9
    Bradley EH, Herrin J, Wang Y, et al. Strategies for reducing the door-to-balloon time in acute myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med. 2006; 355:230820.
  • 10
    Mehta RH, Newby LK, Patel Y, et al. The impact of emergency department structure and care processes in delivering care for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. Am Heart J. 2006; 152:64860.
  • 11
    National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2004 emergency department summary. Advance data from vital and health statistics; No. 372. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, 2006.
  • 12
    Brown DW, Xie J, Mensah GA. Electrocardiographic recording and timeliness of clinician evaluation in the emergency department in patients presenting with chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 2007; 99:11158.
  • 13
    Derlet R, Richards J, Kravitz R. Frequent overcrowding in US emergency departments. Acad Emerg Med 2001; 8:1515.
  • 14
    Institute of Medicine. Hospital-Based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point. 2006. Available at: http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11621.html#toc. Accessed Nov. 11, 2008
  • 15
    Falvo T, Grove L, Stachura R, et al. The opportunity loss of boarding admitted patients in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:3327.
  • 16
    Derlet RW, Richards JR. Overcrowding in the nation’s emergency departments: complex causes and disturbing effects. Ann Emerg Med. 2000; 35:638.
  • 17
    Olshaker JS, Rathlev NK. Emergency department overcrowding and ambulance diversion: the impact and potential solutions of extended boarding of admitted patients in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2006; 30:3516.
  • 18
    Pines JM, Hollander JE, Localio AR, Metlay JP. The association between emergency department crowding and hospital performance on antibiotic timing for pneumonia and percutaneous intervention for myocardial infarction. Acad Emerg Med. 2006; 13:8738.
  • 19
    Pines JM, Localio AR, Hollander JE, et al. The impact of emergency department crowding measures on time to antibiotics for patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Ann Emerg Med. 2007; 50:5106.
  • 20
    Schull MJ, Vermeulen M, Slaughter G, Morrison L, Daly P. Emergency department crowding and thrombolysis delays in acute myocardial infarction. Ann Emerg Med 2004; 44:57785.
  • 21
    Pines JM, Hollander JE. ED crowding is associated with delays and non-treatment for patients with severe pain. Ann Emerg Med 2008; 51:15.
  • 22
    Bernstein SL, Asplin BR. Emergency department crowding: old problem, new solutions. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2006; 24:82137.
  • 23
    Pines JM, Iyer S, Disbot M, Hollander JE, Shofer FS, Datner EM. The effect of emergency department crowding on patient satisfaction for admitted patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2008; 15:82531.
  • 24
    Sprivulis PC, Da Silva JA, Jacobs IG, Frazer AR, Jelinek GA. The association between hospital overcrowding and mortality among patients admitted via Western Australian emergency departments. Med J Aust. 2006; 184:20812.
  • 25
    Richardson DB. Increase in patient mortality at 10 days associated with emergency department overcrowding. Med J Aust. 2006; 184:2136.
  • 26
    Chalfin DB, Trzeciak S, Likourezos A, Baumann BM, Dellinger RP, DELAY-ED study group. Impact of delayed transfer of critically ill patients from the emergency department to the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2007; 35:147783.
  • 27
    Carr BG, Kaye AJ, Wiebe DJ, Gracias VH, Schwab CW, Reilly PM. Emergency department length of stay: a major risk factor for pneumonia in intubated blunt trauma patients. J Trauma. 2007; 63:912.
  • 28
    Fishman PE, Shofer FS, Robey JL, et al. The impact of trauma activations on the care of emergency department patients with potential acute coronary syndromes. Ann Emerg Med. 2006; 48:34753.
  • 29
    Diercks DB, Roe MT, Chen AY, et al. Prolonged emergency department stays of non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients are associated with worse adherence to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines for management and increased adverse events. Ann Emerg Med. 2007; 50:48996.
  • 30
    Hollander JE, Pines JM. The emergency department crowding paradox: the longer you stay, the less care you get. Ann Emerg Med. 2007; 50:4979.
  • 31
    Baxt WG, Shofer FS, Sites FD, Hollander JE. A neural network for the prediction of cardiac ischemia in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain. Ann Emerg Med. 2002; 40:57583.
  • 32
    Hollander JE, Sites FD, Pollack CV Jr, Shofer FS. Lack of utility of telemetry monitoring for identification of cardiac death and life threatening ventricular dysrhythmias in low risk patients with chest pain. Ann Emerg Med. 2004; 43:716.
  • 33
    Chase M, Robey JL, Zogby KE, Sease KL, Shofer FS, Hollander JE. Prospective validation of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score in the emergency department chest pain patient population. Ann Emerg Med. 2006; 48:2529.
  • 34
    Hollander JE, Singer AJ. An innovative strategy for conducting clinical research – the academic associate program. Acad Emerg Med. 2002; 9:1347.
  • 35
    Lyon R, Morris AC, Caesar D, Gray S, Gray A. Chest pain presenting to the emergency department-to stratify risk with GRACE or TIMI? Resuscitation 2007; 74:903.
  • 36
    Hollander JE, Blomkalns AL, Brogan GX, et al., Multidisciplinary Standardized Reporting Criteria Task Force Standardized reporting guidelines for studies evaluating risk stratification of ED patients with potential acute coronary syndromes. Acad Emerg Med. 2004; 11:133140.
  • 37
    ACC Writing Committee for Acute Coronary Syndromes Clinical Data Standards. American College of Cardiology key data elements and definitions for measuring the clinical management and outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 30:21149.
  • 38
    McCarthy ML, Aronsky D, Jones ID, et al. The emergency department occupancy rate: a simple measure of emergency department crowding? Ann Emerg Med. 2008; 51:1524.
  • 39
    Peberdy MA, Ornato JP, Larkin GL, et al. National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Investigators. Survival from in-hospital cardiac arrest during nights and weekends. JAMA 2008; 299:78592.
  • 40
    Bradley EH, Herrin J, Elbel B, et al. Hospital quality for acute myocardial infarction: correlation among process measures and relationship with short-term mortality. JAMA 2006; 296:728.
  • 41
    Werner RM, Bradlow ET. Relationship between Medicare’s hospital compare performance measures and mortality rates. JAMA 2006; 296:2694702.
  • 42
    Pollack CV Jr, Antman EM, Hollander JE, American College of Cardiology; American Heart Association. 2007 focused update to the ACC/AHA guidelines for the management of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: implications for emergency department practice. Ann Emerg Med. 2008; 52:34455.
  • 43
    Pines JM, Synnestvedt M, Weiner MG, et al. Prolonged ED length of stay is associated with longer hospital stays, higher costs and workload in hospitalized older adults [abstract]. Acad Emerg Med. 2008; 15:S128.