Emergency Medicine Public Health Research Funded by Federal Agencies: Progress and Priorities

Authors

  • Gail D’Onofrio MD, MS,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine (GD, LAP), New Haven, CT; The National Institute of Mental Health (ABG), The National Institute on Drug Abuse (RAD), and The National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (RH), Bethesda, MD; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (JDH), Atlanta, GA.
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  • Amy B. Goldstein PhD,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine (GD, LAP), New Haven, CT; The National Institute of Mental Health (ABG), The National Institute on Drug Abuse (RAD), and The National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (RH), Bethesda, MD; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (JDH), Atlanta, GA.
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  • Richard A. Denisco MD MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine (GD, LAP), New Haven, CT; The National Institute of Mental Health (ABG), The National Institute on Drug Abuse (RAD), and The National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (RH), Bethesda, MD; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (JDH), Atlanta, GA.
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  • Ralph Hingson ScD, MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine (GD, LAP), New Haven, CT; The National Institute of Mental Health (ABG), The National Institute on Drug Abuse (RAD), and The National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (RH), Bethesda, MD; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (JDH), Atlanta, GA.
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  • James D. Heffelfinger MD MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine (GD, LAP), New Haven, CT; The National Institute of Mental Health (ABG), The National Institute on Drug Abuse (RAD), and The National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (RH), Bethesda, MD; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (JDH), Atlanta, GA.
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  • Lori A. Post PhD

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine (GD, LAP), New Haven, CT; The National Institute of Mental Health (ABG), The National Institute on Drug Abuse (RAD), and The National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (RH), Bethesda, MD; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (JDH), Atlanta, GA.
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  • This work is the output from a panel discussion conducted during the May 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference in New Orleans, LA: “Public Health in the ED: Surveillance, Screening, and Intervention.”

  • Panel members included Bernard M. Branson, Gail D’Onofrio, Richard Denisco, Amy Goldstein, James D. Heffelfinger, and Ralph W. Hingson.

Address for correspondence and reprints: Gail D’Onofrio, MD, MS; e-mail: gail.donofrio@yale.edu.

Abstract

The emergency department (ED) visit provides an opportunity to impact the health of the public throughout the entire spectrum of care, from prevention to treatment. As the federal government has a vested interest in funding research and providing programmatic opportunities that promote the health of the public, emergency medicine (EM) is prime to develop a research agenda to advance the field. EM researchers need to be aware of federal funding opportunities, which entails an understanding of the organizational structure of the federal agencies that fund medical research, and the rules and regulations governing applications for grants. Additionally, there are numerous funding streams outside of the National Institutes of Health (NIH; the primary federal health research agency). EM researchers should seek funding from agencies according to each agency’s mission and aims. Finally, while funds from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) are an important source of support for EM research, we need to look beyond traditional sources and appeal to other agencies with a vested interest in promoting public health in EDs. EM requires a broad skill set from a multitude of medical disciplines, and conducting research in the field will require looking for funding opportunities in a variety of traditional and not so traditional places within and without the federal government. The following is the discussion of a moderated session at the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference that included panel discussants from the National Institutes of Mental Health, Drug Abuse, and Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Further information is also provided to discuss those agencies and centers not represented.

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