Supported by Grant 1R13HS018601-01 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, with secondary support from the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute of Mental Health, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
The Clinical Impact of Health Behaviors on Emergency Department Visits
Article first published online: 4 NOV 2009
© 2009 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Academic Emergency Medicine
Volume 16, Issue 11, pages 1054–1059, November 2009
How to Cite
Bernstein, S. L. (2009), The Clinical Impact of Health Behaviors on Emergency Department Visits. Academic Emergency Medicine, 16: 1054–1059. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00564.x
- Issue published online: 4 NOV 2009
- Article first published online: 4 NOV 2009
- Received July 24, 2009; accepted August 10, 2009.
- health behavior;
- public health;
- emergency department;
- substance use;
- injury prevention
Modifiable health behaviors are an important cause of visits to emergency departments (EDs). Substance use, unsafe sexual behavior, interpersonal violence, unintentional injury, and other risky behaviors account for a large proportion of ED volume, as well as up to 40% of all deaths in the United States. While emergency physicians commonly treat the illnesses and injuries caused by these behaviors, additional opportunities exist to screen, intervene, refer, and initiate treatment for patients with these health risks. This article reviews the epidemiology and clinical impact of risky health behaviors on ED visits and suggests strategies for creating a research agenda in these areas.