SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Critical Access Hospitals. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission, 2006.
  • 2
    American Academy of Pediatrics and American Pain Society. Assessment and management of acute pain in infants, children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2001; 108:7937.
  • 3
    Bijur PE, Silver W, Gallagher EJ. Reliability of the visual analog scale for measurement of acute pain. Acad Emerg Med. 2001; 8:11537.
  • 4
    Chambers CT, Giesbrecht K, Craig KD, et al. A comparison of faces scales for the measurement of pediatric pain: children’s and parents’ ratings. Pain. 1999; 83:2535.
  • 5
    Keck JF, Gerkensmeyer JE, Joyce BA, et al. Validity of the Faces and Word Descriptor scales to measure procedural pain. J Pediatr Nurs. 1996; 11:36874.
  • 6
    Hockenberry MJ, Wilson D, Winkelstein ML. Wong’s Essentials of Pediatric Nursing, 7th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 2005, p. 1259.
  • 7
    Gallagher EJ, Bijur PE, Latimer C, Silver W. Reliability and validity of a visual analog scale for acute abdominal pain in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2002; 20:28790.
  • 8
    Franck LS, Greenberg CS, Stevens B. Pain assessment in infants and children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2000; 47:487512.
  • 9
    Doctor JN, Slater MA, Atkinson JH. The descriptor differential scale of pain intensity: an evaluation of item and scale properties. Pain. 1995; 61:25160.
  • 10
    Hunter M, McDowell L, Hennessey R, Cassey J. An evaluation of the Faces Pain Scale with young children. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2000; 20:1229.
  • 11
    McGrath PA. Pain assessment in infants and children. In: McgrathPA, ed. Pain in Children: Nature, Assessment, and Treatment. New York, NY: The Guildford Press, 1990, pp 4187.
  • 12
    Champion DG, Goodenough B, Von Baeyer CL, Thomas W. Measurement of pain by self-report. In: FinleyGA, McGrathPJ, eds. Progress in Pain Research and Management. Seattle, WA: IASP Press; 1998, pp 12355.
  • 13
    Gaffney A, McGrath P, Dick B. Measuring pain in children: developmental and instrument issue. In: SchechterN, BerdeCB, YasterM, eds. Pain in Infants, Children and Adolescents, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003, pp 12841.
  • 14
    Shields BJ, Cohen DM, Harbeck-Weber C, et al. Pediatric pain measurement using a visual analogue scale: a comparison of two teaching methods. Clin Pediatr. 2003; 42:22734.
  • 15
    Stanford EA, Chamber CT, Craig KD. The role of developmental factors in predicting young children’s use of a self-report scale for pain. Pain. 2006; 120:1623.
  • 16
    Powell CV, Kelly AM, Williams A. Determining the minimum clinically significant difference in visual analog pain score for children. Ann Emerg Med. 2001; 37:2831.
  • 17
    Bulloch B, Tenebein M. Assessment of clinically significant changes in acute pain in children. Acad Emerg Med. 2002; 9:199202.
  • 18
    Bulloch B, Tenenbein M. Validation of 2 pain scales for use in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatrics. 2002; 110:e33.
  • 19
    Bailey B, Bergeron S, Gravel J, Daoust R. Comparison of four pain scales in children with acute abdominal pain in a pediatric emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2007; 50:37983.
  • 20
    Frank AJ, Moll JM, Hort JE. A comparison of three ways of measuring pain. Rheumatol Rehabil. 1982; 21:2117.
  • 21
    Sriwatanakul K, Kelvie W, Lasagna L, et al. Studies with different types of visual analog scales for measurement of pain. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1983; 34:2349.