• 1
    Bair AE, Panacek EA, Wisner DH, Bales R, Sakles JC. Cricothyrotomy: a 5-year experience at one institution. J Emerg Med. 2003; 24:1516.
  • 2
    Chang RS, Hamilton RJ, Carter WA. Declining rate of cricothyrotomy in trauma patients with an emergency medicine residency: implications for skills training. Acad Emerg Med. 1998; 5:24751.
  • 3
    Schober P, Hegemann MC, Schwarte LA, Loer SA, Noetges P. Emergency cricothyrotomy-a comparative study of different techniques in human cadavers. Resuscitation. 2009; 80:2049.
  • 4
    Hsiao J, Pacheco-Fowler V. Videos in clinical medicine: cricothyroidotomy. N Engl J Med. 2008; 358:e25.
  • 5
    Melker JS, Gabrielli A. Melker cricothyrotomy kit: an alternative to the surgical technique. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2005; 114:5258.
  • 6
    Burch J. Trauma. In: BrunicardiFC (ed). Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2005.
  • 7
    Mace S. Cricothyrotomy and translaryngeal jet ventilation. In: RobertsJR, HedgesJR (eds). Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine, 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2004.
  • 8
    Holmes JF, Panacek EA, Sakles JC, Brofeldt BT. Comparison of 2 cricothyrotomy techniques: standard method versus rapid 4-step technique. Ann Emerg Med. 1998; 32:4426.
  • 9
    Morris A, Lockey D, Coats T. Fat necks: modification of a standard surgical airway protocol in the pre-hospital environmental. Resuscitation. 1997; 35:2534.
  • 10
    Erlandson MJ, Clinton JE, Ruiz E, Cohen J. Cricothyrotomy in the emergency department revisited. J Emerg Med. 1989; 7:1158.