Supervising Editor: Nicole DeIorio, MD.
Gender Stereotypes: An Explanation to the Underrepresentation of Women in Emergency Medicine
Article first published online: 6 JUL 2010
© 2010 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Academic Emergency Medicine
Volume 17, Issue 7, pages 775–779, July 2010
How to Cite
Pelaccia, T., Delplanq, H., Triby, E., Bartier, J.-C., Leman, C., Hadef, H., Pottecher, T. and Dupeyron, J.-P. (2010), Gender Stereotypes: An Explanation to the Underrepresentation of Women in Emergency Medicine. Academic Emergency Medicine, 17: 775–779. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2010.00793.x
- Issue published online: 6 JUL 2010
- Article first published online: 6 JUL 2010
- Received October 16, 2009; revision received December 1, 2009, and January 4, 2010; accepted January 9, 2010.
- medical education;
- career choice;
- emergency medicine
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2010; 17:775–779 © 2010 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Objectives: Women are underrepresented in emergency medicine (EM) residency programs in comparison with many other specialties. The reasons for this are unclear. One hypothesis is that negative gender stereotypes about EM careers might exist among female medical students. In the field of education, negative gender stereotypes are known to lead to career avoidance, because they tend to decrease self-efficacy perception. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of negative gender stereotypes about EM practice among medical students and to measure the effects of these stereotypes on females’ self-efficacy perception toward EM learning.
Methods: A survey was conducted of the 255 third-year medical students from three medical schools who attended a mandatory EM academic program in France. They completed an anonymous questionnaire exploring their gender stereotypes about EM practice and their self-efficacy perception toward EM learning.
Results: Gender stereotypes are common among medical students, especially in women. Self-efficacy perception is negatively correlated to female students’ belief that EM careers are better suited for men (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Negative gender stereotypes among female medical students may lead to EM career avoidance, because of the decrease in their self-efficacy perception toward EM learning.