• 1
    Lang ES, Wyer PC, Eskin B. Executive summary: knowledge translation in emergency medicine: establishing a research agenda and guide map for evidence uptake. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:9158.
  • 2
    Dayan PS, Osmond M, Kuppermann N, et al. Development of the capacity necessary to perform and promote knowledge translation research in emergency medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:97883.
  • 3
    Brehaut JC, Hamm R, Majumdar S, Papa F, Lott A, Lang ES. Cognitive and social issues in emergency medicine knowledge translation: a research agenda. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:98490.
  • 4
    Compton S, Lang ES, Richardson TM, et al. Knowledge translation consensus conference: research methods. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:9915.
  • 5
    Bullard MJ, Emond SD, Graham TA, Ho K, Holroyd BR. Informatics and knowledge translation. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:9961002.
  • 6
    Kilian BJ, Binder LS, Marsden J. The emergency physician and knowledge transfer: continuing medical education, continuing professional development, and self-improvement. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:10037.
  • 7
    Diner BM, Carpenter CR, O’Connell T, et al. Graduate medical education and knowledge translation: role models, information pipelines, and practice change thresholds. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:100814.
  • 8
    Gaddis GM, Greenwald P, Huckson S. Toward improved implementation of evidence-based clinical algorithms: clinical practice guidelines, clinical decision rules, and clinical pathways. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:101522.
  • 9
    Rowe BH, Diner B, Camargo CA Jr, et al. Effective synthesized/preappraised evidence formats in emergency medicine and the use of supplemental knowledge translation techniques. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:10239.
  • 10
    Irvin CB, Afilalo M, Sherman SC, et al. The use of health care policy to facilitate evidence-based knowledge translation in emergency medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:10305.
  • 11
    Bernstein SL, Bernstein E, Boudreaux ED, et al. Public health considerations in knowledge translation in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:103641.
  • 12
    Larkin GL, Hamann CJ, Monico EP, et al. Knowledge translation at the macro level: legal and ethical considerations. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:10426.
  • 13
    Arnold LK, Alomran H, Anantharaman V, et al. Knowledge translation in international emergency medical care. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:104751.
  • 14
    Cone DC. Knowledge translation in the emergency medical services: a research agenda for advancing prehospital care. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:10527.
  • 15
    McGlynn EA, Asch SM, Adams J, et al. The quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2003; 348:263545.
  • 16
    Mangione-Smith R, DeCristofaro AH, Setodji CM, et al. The quality of ambulatory care delivered to children in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2007; 357:151523.
  • 17
    Farmer AP, Légaré F, Turcot L, et al. Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008; (3):CD004398.
  • 18
    Forsetlund L, Bjørndal A, Rashidian A, et al. Continuing education meetings and workshops: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Sys Rev. 2009; (2):CD003030
  • 19
    Reeves S, Zwarenstein M, Goldman J, et al. Interprofessional education: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23; (1):CD002213.
  • 20
    National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Morbidity and Mortality: 2007 Chartbook on Cardiovascular, Lung, and Blood Disorders. Available at: Accessed May 13, 2010.
  • 21
    Mularski RA, Asch SM, Shrank WH, et al. The quality of obstructive lung disease care for adults in the United States as measured by adherence to recommended processes. Chest. 2006; 130:184450.
  • 22
    Lindenauer PK, Pekow P, Gao S, Crawford AS, Gutierrez B, Benjamin EM. Quality of care for patients hospitalized for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ann Intern Med. 2006; 144:894903.
  • 23
    Lang ES, Wyer PC, Eskin B, Tselios C, Afilalo M, Adams JG. The development of the Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference project on knowledge translation. Acad Emerg Med. 2007; 14:91923.
  • 24
    Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Vist GE, et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. Br Med J. 2008; 336:9246.
  • 25
    StrausSE, TetroeJ, GrahamID (eds). Knowledge Translation in Health Care. Philadelphia, PA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2009.
  • 26
    Charon R, Wyer P, NEBM Working Group. Narrative evidence based medicine. Lancet. 2008; 371:2967.
  • 27
    Marinopoulos SS, Dorman T, Ratanawongsa N, et al. Effectiveness of continuing medical education. Evid Rep Technol Assess. 2007; (149):169.
  • 28
    Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education. Measuring Improvement Using Clinical Measures, ACCME. Available at: Accessed Mar 1, 2010.
  • 29
    Regnier K, Kopelow M, Lane D, Alden E. Accreditation for learning and change: quality and improvement as the outcome. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2005; 25:17482.
  • 30
    Suffoletto BP, Salcido DD, Menegazzi JJ; National Association of Emergency Medical Services Physicians. Use of prehospital-induced hypothermia after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a survey of the National Association of Emergency Medical Services Physicians. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2008; 12:526.
  • 31
    Abella BS, Rhee JW, Huang KN, et al. Induced hypothermia is underused after resuscitation from cardiac arrest: a current practice survey. Resuscitation. 2005; 64:1816.
  • 32
    McNamara RL, Herrin J, Bradley EH, et al. Hospital improvement in time to reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction 1999 to 2002. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006; 47:4551.
  • 33
    Jones AE, Kline JA. Use of goal-directed therapy for severe sepsis and septic shock in academic emergency departments. Crit Care Med. 2005; 33:18889.
  • 34
    Cowan RM, Trzeciak S. Clinical review: emergency department overcrowding and the potential impact on the critically ill. Crit Care. 2005; 9:2915.