International Emergency Medicine: A Review of the Literature From 2010

Authors

  • Miriam Aschkenasy MD, MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Cambridge Hospital (MA), Cambridge, MA; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (MA, MF, ACL), Cambridge, MA; ArLac Health Services (KA), Boston, MA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (MF), Boston, MA; the Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University (SL), Palo Alto, CA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University (EDS), Washington, DC; and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital (KB, ACL), Providence, RI.
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  • Kris Arnold MD, MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Cambridge Hospital (MA), Cambridge, MA; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (MA, MF, ACL), Cambridge, MA; ArLac Health Services (KA), Boston, MA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (MF), Boston, MA; the Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University (SL), Palo Alto, CA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University (EDS), Washington, DC; and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital (KB, ACL), Providence, RI.
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  • Mark Foran MD, MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Cambridge Hospital (MA), Cambridge, MA; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (MA, MF, ACL), Cambridge, MA; ArLac Health Services (KA), Boston, MA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (MF), Boston, MA; the Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University (SL), Palo Alto, CA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University (EDS), Washington, DC; and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital (KB, ACL), Providence, RI.
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  • Suzanne Lippert MD, MS,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Cambridge Hospital (MA), Cambridge, MA; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (MA, MF, ACL), Cambridge, MA; ArLac Health Services (KA), Boston, MA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (MF), Boston, MA; the Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University (SL), Palo Alto, CA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University (EDS), Washington, DC; and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital (KB, ACL), Providence, RI.
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  • Erika D. Schroeder MD, MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Cambridge Hospital (MA), Cambridge, MA; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (MA, MF, ACL), Cambridge, MA; ArLac Health Services (KA), Boston, MA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (MF), Boston, MA; the Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University (SL), Palo Alto, CA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University (EDS), Washington, DC; and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital (KB, ACL), Providence, RI.
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  • Karina Bertsch MSW,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Cambridge Hospital (MA), Cambridge, MA; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (MA, MF, ACL), Cambridge, MA; ArLac Health Services (KA), Boston, MA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (MF), Boston, MA; the Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University (SL), Palo Alto, CA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University (EDS), Washington, DC; and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital (KB, ACL), Providence, RI.
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  • Adam C. Levine MD, MPH,

    1. From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Cambridge Hospital (MA), Cambridge, MA; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (MA, MF, ACL), Cambridge, MA; ArLac Health Services (KA), Boston, MA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (MF), Boston, MA; the Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University (SL), Palo Alto, CA; the Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University (EDS), Washington, DC; and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital (KB, ACL), Providence, RI.
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  • on behalf of the International Emergency Medicine Literature Review Group


  • The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest with regards to the publication of this work. No external funding was provided for this literature review.

  • Supervising Editor: Mark Hauswald, MD.

Address for correspondence and reprints: Miriam Aschkenasy, MD, MPH; e-mail: maschkemd@hotmail.com.

Abstract

ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2011; 18:872–879 © 2011 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Abstract

The International Emergency Medicine (IEM) Literature Review aims to highlight and disseminate high-quality global EM research in the fields of EM development, disaster and humanitarian response, and emergency care in resource-limited settings. For this review, we conducted a Medline search for articles published between January 1 and December 31, 2010, using a set of international and EM search terms and a manual search of journals that have produced large numbers of IEM articles for past reviews. This search produced 6,936 articles, which were divided among 20 reviewers who screened them using established inclusion and exclusion criteria to select articles relevant to the field of IEM. Two-hundred articles were selected by at least one reviewer and approved by an editor for scoring. Two independent reviewers using a standardized and predetermined set of criteria then scored each of the 200 articles. The 27 top-scoring articles were chosen for full review. The articles this year trended toward evidence-based research for treatment and care options in resource-limited settings, with an emphasis on childhood illness and obstetric care. These articles represent examples of high-quality international emergency research that is currently ongoing in high-, middle-, and low-income countries alike. This article is not intended to serve as a systematic review or clinical guideline but is instead meant to be a selection of current high-quality IEM literature, with the hope that it will foster further growth in the field, highlight evidence-based practice, and encourage discourse.

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