SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Institute of Medicine. Hospital-based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2006.
  • 2
    Wilper AP, Woolhandler S, Lasser KE, et al. Waits to see an emergency department physician: U.S. trends and predictors, 1997-2004. Health Aff (Millwood). 2008; 27:w8495.
  • 3
    Horwitz LI, Bradley EH. Percentage of US emergency department patients seen within the recommended triage time: 1997 to 2006. Arch Intern Med. 2009; 169:185765.
  • 4
    McCarthy ML, Zeger SL, Ding R, et al. Crowding delays treatment and lengthens emergency department length of stay, even among high acuity patients. Ann Emerg Med. 2009; 54:492503.
  • 5
    Pines JM, Iyer S, Disbot M, Hollander JE, Shofer FS, Datner EM. The effect of emergency department crowding on patient satisfaction for admitted patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2008; 15:82531.
  • 6
    Pines JM, Pollack CV Jr, Diercks DB, et al. The association between emergency department crowding and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with chest pain. Acad Emerg Med. 2009; 16:61725.
  • 7
    Chalfin DB, Trzeciak S, Likourezos A, et al. Impact of delayed transfer of critically ill patients from the emergency department to the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2007; 35:147783.
  • 8
    Guttmann A, Schull MJ, Vermeulen MJ, Stukel TA. Association between waiting times and short term mortality and hospital admission after departure from emergency department: population based cohort study from Ontario, Canada. BMJ. 2011; 342:d2983.
  • 9
    Hoot NR, Aronsky D. Systematic review of emergency department crowding: causes, effects, and solutions. Ann Emerg Med. 2008; 52:12636.
  • 10
    Pitts SR, Niska RW, Xu J, Burt CW. National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2006 emergency department summary. Natl Health Stat Report. 2008; 7:138.
  • 11
    Peters ML. The older adult in the emergency department: aging and atypical illness presentation. J Emerg Nurs. 2010; 36:2934.
  • 12
    Pines JM. Trends in the rates of radiography use and important diagnoses in emergency department patients with abdominal pain. Med Care. 2009; 47:7826.
  • 13
    Hsia RY, Kellermann AL, Shen YC. Factors associated with closures of emergency departments in the United States. JAMA. 2011; 305:197885.
  • 14
    Bullard MJ, Villa-Roel C, Bond K. Tracking emergency department overcrowding in a tertiary care academic institution. Healthc Q. 2009; 12:99106.
  • 15
    Pines JM, Batt RJ, Hilton JA, Terwiesch C. The financial consequences of lost demand and reducing boarding in hospital emergency departments. Ann Emerg Med. 2011; 58:33140.
  • 16
    Rathlev NK, Chessare J, Olshaker J, et al. Time series analysis of variables associated with daily mean emergency department length of stay. Ann Emerg Med. 2007; 49:26571.
  • 17
    Pines JM, Pilgrim RL, Schneider SM, Siegel B, Vicciello P. Practical implications of implementing emergency department crowding interventions: summary of a moderated panel. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12781282.
  • 18
    Wiler JL, Gentle C, Halfpenny JM, et al. Optimizing emergency department front-end operations. Ann Emerg Med. 2010; 55:14260.
  • 19
    Mason S. United Kingdom experiences of evaluating performance and quality in emergency medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12341238.
  • 20
    Soremekun OA, Terwiesch C, Pines JM. Emergency medicine: an operations management view. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12621268.
  • 21
    Morrison JB, Rudolph JW. Learning from accident and error: avoiding the hazards of workload, stress, and routine interruptions in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12461254.
  • 22
    Schiff GD. System dynamics and dysfunctionalities: levers for overcoming emergency department overcrowding. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12551261.
  • 23
    Ovens H. Emergency department overcrowding: the Ontario Approach. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12421245.
  • 24
    Heyworth J. Emergency medicine—quality indicators: the United Kingdom perspective. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12391241.
  • 25
    McCarthy ML, Ding R, Pines JM, Zeger SL. Comparison of methods for measuring crowding and its effects on length of stay in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12691277.
  • 26
    Fee C, Hall K, Morrison JB, et al. Consensus-based recommendations for research priorities related to interventions to safeguard patient safety in the crowded emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:12831288.
  • 27
    Ward MJ, Farley H, Khare RK, et al. Achieving efficiency in crowded emergency departments: a research agenda. Acad Emerg Med. 2011; 18:13031312.