SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Edlow JA, Caplan LR. Avoiding pitfalls in the diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage. N Engl J Med. 2000; 342:2936.
  • 2
    Kowalski RG, Claassen J, Kreiter KT, et al. Initial misdiagnosis and outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage. JAMA. 2004; 291:8669.
  • 3
    Vermeulen MJ, Schull MJ. Missed diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage in the emergency department. Stroke. 2007; 38:121621.
  • 4
    Pines JM, Szyld D. Risk tolerance for the exclusion of potentially life-threatening diseases in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2007; 25:5404.
  • 5
    Edlow JA, Panagos PD, Godwin SA, Thomas TL, Decker WW. Clinical policy: critical issues in the evaluation and management of adult patients presenting to the emergency department with acute headache. Ann Emerg Med. 2008; 52:40736.
  • 6
    Bederson JB, Connolly ES Jr, Batjer HH, et al. Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke. 2009; 40:9941025.
  • 7
    Morgenstern LB, Luna-Gonzales H, Huber JC Jr, et al. Worst headache and subarachnoid hemorrhage: prospective, modern computed tomography and spinal fluid analysis. Ann Emerg Med. 1998; 32:297304.
  • 8
    Perry JJ, Stiell I, Wells G, Spacek A. Diagnostic test utilization in the emergency department for alert headache patients with possible subarachnoid hemorrhage. CJEM. 2002; 4:3337.
  • 9
    McCormack RF, Hutson A. Can computed tomography angiography of the brain replace lumbar puncture in the evaluation of acute-onset headache after a negative noncontrast cranial computed tomography scan? Acad Emerg Med. 2010; 17:44451.
  • 10
    Shepard DS, Review of Gold MR, Siegel JE, Russell LB, Weinstein MC (eds). Cost-effectiveness in health and medicine. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1996. J Ment Health Policy Econ. 1999;2:91–2.
  • 11
    Bo SH, Davidsen EM, Gulbrandsen P, Dietrichs E. Acute headache: a prospective diagnostic work-up of patients admitted to a general hospital. Eur J Neurol. 2008; 15:12939.
  • 12
    Carstairs SD, Tanen DA, Duncan TD, et al. Computed tomographic angiography for the evaluation of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Acad Emerg Med. 2006; 13:48692.
  • 13
    Perry JJ, Stiell IG, Sivilotti ML, et al. Early CT without LP reliably excludes subarachnoid hemorrhage in neurologically intact ED patients with acute headache [abstract]. Acad Emerg Med. 2009; 16(Suppl 1):S149.
  • 14
    Byyny RL, Mower WR, Shum N, Gabayan GZ, Fang S, Baraff LJ. Sensitivity of noncontrast cranial computed tomography for the emergency department diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Ann Emerg Med. 2008; 51:697703.
  • 15
    Perry JJ, Spacek A, Forbes M, et al. Is the combination of negative computed tomography result and negative lumbar puncture result sufficient to rule out subarachnoid hemorrhage? Ann Emerg Med. 2008; 51:70713.
  • 16
    Shiroiwa T, Sung YK, Fukuda T, Lang HC, Bae SC, Tsutani K. International survey on willingness-to-pay (WTP) for one additional QALY gained: what is the threshold of cost effectiveness? Health Econ. 2010; 19:42237.
  • 17
    Ubel PA, Loewenstein G, Jepson C. Whose quality of life? A commentary exploring discrepancies between health state evaluations of patients and the general public. Qual Life Res. 2003; 12:599607.
  • 18
    Brown ML, Riley GF, Schussler N, Etzioni R. Estimating health care costs related to cancer treatment from SEER-Medicare data. Med Care. 2002; 40:IV104.
  • 19
    Boesiger BM, Shiber JR. Subarachnoid hemorrhage diagnosis by computed tomography and lumbar puncture: are fifth generation CT scanners better at identifying subarachnoid hemorrhage? J Emerg Med. 2005; 29:237.
  • 20
    Landtblom AM, Fridriksson S, Boivie J, Hillman J, Johansson G, Johansson I. Sudden onset headache: a prospective study of features, incidence and causes. Cephalalgia. 2002; 22:35460.
  • 21
    Seupaul RA, Somerville GG, Viscusi C, Shepard AJ, Hauter WE. Prevalence of postdural puncture headache after ED performed lumbar puncture. Am J Emerg Med. 2005; 23:9135.
  • 22
    Mitchell A, Jones A, Tumlin J, Kline J. Contrast induced nephropathy in the emergency department setting: incidence, risk-factors and outcomes [abstract]. Acad Emerg Med. 2009; 16(Suppl 1):S21.
  • 23
    Mitchell AM, Jones AE, Tumlin JA, Kline JA. Incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy after contrast-enhanced computed tomography in the outpatient setting. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010; 5:49.
  • 24
    Mitchell AM, Kline JA. Contrast nephropathy following computed tomography angiography of the chest for pulmonary embolism in the emergency department. J Thromb Haemost. 2007; 5:504.
  • 25
    Caro JJ, Trindade E, McGregor M. The risks of death and of severe nonfatal reactions with high- vs low-osmolality contrast media: a meta-analysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991; 156:82532.
  • 26
    Katayama H, Yamaguchi K, Kozuka T, Takashima T, Seez P, Matsuura K. Adverse reactions to ionic and nonionic contrast media. A report from the Japanese Committee on the Safety of Contrast Media. Radiology. 1990; 175:6218.
  • 27
    Brenner D, Elliston C, Hall E, Berdon W. Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001; 176:28996.
  • 28
    Hall EJ, Brenner DJ. Cancer risks from diagnostic radiology. Br J Radiol. 2008; 81:36278.
  • 29
    Berrington de Gonzalez A, Mahesh M, Kim KP, et al. Projected cancer risks from computed tomographic scans performed in the United States in 2007. Arch Intern Med. 2009; 169:20717.
  • 30
    Smith-Bindman R, Lipson J, Marcus R, et al. Radiation dose associated with common computed tomography examinations and the associated lifetime attributable risk of cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2009; 169:207886.
  • 31
    National Cancer Institute. Surveillance and Epidemiology and End Results. Cancer Statistics. Available at: http://seer.cancer.gov/statistics/. Accessed Jul 20, 2012.
  • 32
    van der Wee N, Rinkel GJ, Hasan D, van Gijn J. Detection of subarachnoid haemorrhage on early CT: is lumbar puncture still needed after a negative scan? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1995; 58:3579.
  • 33
    Finger Lakes Health System Agency. Computed Tomography Capacity and Utilization Report, 2010. Available at: http://www.flhsa.org/Reports.html. Accessed Aug 9, 2012.
  • 34
    Shah KH, Richard KM, Nicholas S, Edlow JA. Incidence of traumatic lumbar puncture. Acad Emerg Med. 2003; 10:1514.
  • 35
    Agid R, Lee SK, Willinsky RA, Farb RI, terBrugge KG. Acute subarachnoid hemorrhage: using 64-slice multidetector CT angiography to “triage” patients’ treatment. Neuroradiology. 2006; 48:78794.
  • 36
    El Khaldi M, Pernter P, Ferro F, et al. Detection of cerebral aneurysms in nontraumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage: role of multislice CT angiography in 130 consecutive patients. Radiol Med. 2007; 112:12337.
  • 37
    Kokkinis C, Vlychou M, Zavras GM, Hadjigeorgiou GM, Papadimitriou A, Fezoulidis IV. The role of 3D-computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) in investigation of spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage: comparison with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and surgical findings. Br J Neurosurg. 2008; 22:718.
  • 38
    Li MH, Cheng YS, Li YD, et al. Large-cohort comparison between three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance and rotational digital subtraction angiographies in intracranial aneurysm detection. Stroke. 2009; 40:31279.
  • 39
    Mallouhi A, Felber S, Chemelli A, et al. Detection and characterization of intracranial aneurysms with MR angiography: comparison of volume-rendering and maximum-intensity-projection algorithms. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003; 180:5564.
  • 40
    Menke J, Larsen J, Kallenberg K. Diagnosing cerebral aneurysms by computed tomographic angiography: meta-analysis. Ann Neurol. 2011; 69:64654.
  • 41
    Okahara M, Kiyosue H, Yamashita M, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance angiography for cerebral aneurysms in correlation with 3D-digital subtraction angiographic images: a study of 133 aneurysms. Stroke. 2002; 33:18038.
  • 42
    White PM, Teasdale EM, Wardlaw JM, Easton V. Intracranial aneurysms: CT angiography and MR angiography for detection prospective blinded comparison in a large patient cohort. Radiology. 2001; 219:73949.
  • 43
    Yoon DY, Lim KJ, Choi CS, Cho BM, Oh SM, Chang SK. Detection and characterization of intracranial aneurysms with 16-channel multidetector row CT angiography: a prospective comparison of volume-rendered images and digital subtraction angiography. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007; 28:607.
  • 44
    Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Acute inpatient PPS. Short stay inpatient by diagnosis related group. AOR Fiscal Year 2009 Final Notice Data. Hyattville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009.
  • 45
    Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. 2009 National Physician Fee Schedule Relative Value File. Hyattville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009.
  • 46
    Reed SD, Blough DK, Meyer K, Jarvik JG. Inpatient costs, length of stay, and mortality for cerebrovascular events in community hospitals. Neurology. 2001; 57:30514.
  • 47
    Chen Q, Kane RL, Finch MD. The cost effectiveness of post-acute care for elderly Medicare beneficiaries. Inquiry. 2000; 37:35975.
  • 48
    Eckman MH, Rosand J, Greenberg SM, Gage BF. Cost-effectiveness of using pharmacogenetic information in warfarin dosing for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Ann Intern Med. 2009; 150:7383.
  • 49
    Yabroff KR, Lamont EB, Mariotto A, et al. Cost of care for elderly cancer patients in the United States. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008; 100:63041.
  • 50
    Heron M, Hoyert DL, Murphy SL, Xu J, Kochanek KD, Tejada-Vera B. Deaths: final data for 2006. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2009; 57:1134.
  • 51
    Pepper PV, Owens DK. Cost-effectiveness of the pneumococcal vaccine in healthy younger adults. Med Decis Making. 2002; 22(5 Suppl):S4557.
  • 52
    Tengs TO, Wallace A. One thousand health-related quality-of-life estimates. Med Care. 2000; 38:583637.
  • 53
    Ades AE, Claxton K, Sculpher M. Evidence synthesis, parameter correlation and probabilistic sensitivity analysis. Health Econ. 2006; 15:37381.
  • 54
    Briggs A, Sculpher M. An introduction to Markov modelling for economic evaluation. Pharmacoeconomics. 1998; 13:397409.
  • 55
    Kelton WD, Sadowski RP, Sturrock DT. Simulation with Arena. 4th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2007.
  • 56
    da Rocha AJ, da Silva CJ, Gama HP, et al. Comparison of magnetic resonance imaging sequences with computed tomography to detect low-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage: role of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2006; 30:295303.
  • 57
    Mohamed M, Heasly DC, Yagmurlu B, Yousem DM. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery MR imaging and subarachnoid hemorrhage: not a panacea. AJNR American J Neuroradiol. 2004; 25:54550.
  • 58
    Edlow JA. What are the unintended consequences of changing the diagnostic paradigm for subarachnoid hemorrhage after brain computed tomography to computed tomographic angiography in place of lumbar puncture? Acad Emerg Med. 2010; 17:9915.
  • 59
    Law AM. Simulation Modeling and Analysis. 4th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2006.