This research was presented as a poster at the American Academy of Forensic Sciences annual meeting in New Orleans, LA, in February 2005.
Test of an Alternative Method for Determining Sex from the Os Coxae: Applications for Modern Americans*
Article first published online: 8 MAR 2006
Journal of Forensic Sciences
Volume 51, Issue 2, pages 248–252, March 2006
How to Cite
Listi, G. A. and Elizabeth Bassett, H. (2006), Test of an Alternative Method for Determining Sex from the Os Coxae: Applications for Modern Americans. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 51: 248–252. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00080.x
*Travel for this research was financially supported by the Louisiana State University Forensic Anthropology and Computer Enhancement Services (FACES) Laboratory.
- Issue published online: 8 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 8 MAR 2006
- Received 9 Mar. 2005; and in revised form 22 Oct. 2005; accepted 23 Oct. 2005; published 14 Feb. 2006.
- forensic science;
- sex determination;
- forensic anthropology;
- os coxae
ABSTRACT: A recently proposed method for determining sex from the os coxae reports a 98% success rate using European collections. The purposes of the present study are to (1) evaluate the success rate of this proposed method using modern American os coxae from different population subgroups; (2) compare the success rate of the new method with that obtained using traditional techniques; and (3) determine replicability of the new method and interobserver error. Eight hundred and seventy-six adult left os coxae were independently evaluated by both authors. Summary statistics for sex classifications were calculated for the total sample and for a random sample of 400 individuals. The impact of sex and ancestry on the success of each method was calculated on the random sample using Pearson's χ2 values. Results demonstrate that for modern American os coxae, neither sex nor race have a significant impact on the success rate for either the new or traditional methods (p<0.01). Additionally, the success rate of the new method is comparable with that obtained using traditional techniques. Finally, interobserver error using the new method for overall sex determination is low.