The Hooligan's Mind
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2006
Journal of Forensic Sciences
Volume 52, Issue 1, pages 204–208, January 2007
How to Cite
Maniglio, R. (2007), The Hooligan's Mind. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 52: 204–208. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00315.x
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2006
- Received 15 April 2006; and in revised form 5 July 2006; accepted 14 July 2006; published 8 Dec. 2006.
- forensic science;
- behavioral science;
- violent behaviors;
- recognized supremacy
ABSTRACT: Football hooliganism is a world phenomenon and an everyday matter. Society spends a lot of money to prevent and control it. We need to know what hooligans think in order to anticipate their actions and prevent their violent behaviors. In this paper, I propose a theory of the hooligan's conscious mind, by analyzing the thinking of a real Italian hooligan who was my patient. I will show that violent behaviors of hooligans are not unconscious, because the mental states (both beliefs and goals) of hooligans are explicitly represented in their mind. In contrast, I will suggest that both supporting and fighting are planned (i.e., goal directed), because “recognized supremacy” is explicitly represented as the ultimate goal. In fact, hooligans support and fight in order to be recognized as good hooligans, i.e. as good supporters as well as good fighters.