Mandibular Ramus: An Indicator for Sex in Fragmentary Mandible


  • Presented in part at the XXXth Annual National Conference of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, February 23, 2009, in Nagpur, India.

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Vineeta Saini, M.Sc.
Research Scholar
Department of Forensic Medicine
Institute of Medical Sciences
Banaras Hindu University
Varanasi, India


Abstract:  Mandible is the hardest and most durable bone of the skull exhibiting a high degree of sexual dimorphism. Especially ramus of mandible is subjected to greater stress than any other bone of the skull because of the process of mastication. This study has been performed to establish the osteometric standards for practical use in forensic context over Indian population using mandibular ramus. The sample consists of 116 mandibles of Northern Indian population (M:F; 92:24, mean age 37.4 years), collected from the Department of Forensic Medicine, IMS, BHU, Varanasi. Osteometric informations about five metric parameters (coronoid height, projective height, condylar height, and maximum breadth and minimum breadth of ramus) were taken with sliding calipers. These parameters were subjected to different discriminant function analysis using SPSS 16.0. All parameters showed significant sexual dimorphism (p < 0.001 in all cases) with an overall accuracy of 80.2%, and coronoid height was the single best parameter providing an accuracy of 74.1%.