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Poisoning Deaths in Central China (Hubei): A 10-year Retrospective Study of Forensic Autopsy Cases

Authors

  • Lan Zhou M.D.,

    1. Key Laboratory of Evidence Science, China University of Political Science and Law, 25 West Tucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100088, China.
    2. Department of Forensic Medicine, Tongji Medical College at Haozhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hong Kong Road, Wuhan 430030, China.
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  • Liang Liu M.D.,

    1. Key Laboratory of Evidence Science, China University of Political Science and Law, 25 West Tucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100088, China.
    2. Department of Forensic Medicine, Tongji Medical College at Haozhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hong Kong Road, Wuhan 430030, China.
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  • Lin Chang M.D.,

    1. Key Laboratory of Evidence Science, China University of Political Science and Law, 25 West Tucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100088, China.
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  • Ling Li M.D.

    1. Key Laboratory of Evidence Science, China University of Political Science and Law, 25 West Tucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100088, China.
    2. Department of Forensic Medicine, Tongji Medical College at Haozhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hong Kong Road, Wuhan 430030, China.
    3. Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 22 South Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201.
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Additional information and reprint requests:
Ling Li, M.D.
Key Laboratory of Evidence Science
China University of Political Science and Law
25 West Tucheng Road, Haidian District
Beijing 100088, China
E-mail: Ling001@aol.com

Abstract

Abstract:  A retrospective study of autopsy cases was conducted at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Tongji Medical College (DFM-TMC), in Hubei, China to describe the characteristics of poisoning deaths from 1999 to 2008. A total of 212 poisoning deaths were investigated by DFM-TMC during the 10-year period. The poisoning deaths ranged from 17 cases in 1999 to 27 cases in 2008. Of the 212 cases, 82 deaths (38.7%) were from pesticides, 36 deaths (17.0%) from carbon monoxide, 34 deaths (16.0%) from drugs, 22 deaths (10.4%) from alcohol, 17 deaths (8.0%) from other chemicals, 15 deaths (7.1%) from poisonous plants and animals, and six deaths (2.8%) from heavy metals. Of the 82 pesticide poisoning deaths, 43 (52.4%) cases were caused by rodenticides, mainly tetramine (N = 39). The majority of poisoning deaths were accidents (63.7%), followed by suicides (25.9%) and homicides (3.8%). The manner of death could not be determined in 14 cases (6.6%).

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