On Gerasimov’s Plastic Facial Reconstruction Technique: New Insights to Facilitate Repeatability


  • Herbert Ullrich Dr. rer. nat.,

    1. Medizinhistorisches Museum der Charité, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, D-10117 Berlin, Germany.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Carl N. Stephan Ph.D.

    1. Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia.
    2. Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, Central Identification Laboratory, 310 Worchester Avenue, Building 45, Hickam Air Force Base, HI 96853.
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Supported, in part, by an appointment to the Postgraduate Research Participation Program at the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command-Central Identification Laboratory administered by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education through an interagency agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy and JPAC/CIL.

Additional information and reprint requests:
Carl N. Stephan, Ph.D.
Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command
Central Identification Laboratory
310 Worchester Avenue, Building 45
Hickam Air Force Base, HI 96853
E-mail: carl.stephan.AU@jpac.pacom.mil


Abstract:  Gerasimov’s plastic facial reconstruction method is notoriously difficult to repeat from the published literature. Primarily, this is because of the method’s underlying qualitative basis but other factors contribute including: misreports in the secondary literature of Gerasimov’s method essence; a lack of published details concerning Gerasimov’s modeling mastic; Gerasimov’s deviation from his own published nose projection prediction guidelines; and continued refinement of the methods in the 15 years following their foremost publication. As Gerasimov cannot be consulted to resolve these issues, we provide solutions via one of his five former principal students. This includes clarification of Gerasimov’s method and use of soft tissue depths; the constitution of his modeling mastic; methods used for nose projection prediction; and refinements made to his methods following their primary publication.