TECHNICAL NOTE CRIMINALISTICS
Swabbing Firearms for Handler’s DNA
Article first published online: 6 APR 2011
© 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences
Journal of Forensic Sciences
Volume 56, Issue 4, pages 972–975, July 2011
How to Cite
Richert, N. J. (2011), Swabbing Firearms for Handler’s DNA. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 56: 972–975. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01766.x
- Issue published online: 5 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 6 APR 2011
- Received 08 Mar. 2010; and in revised form 13 July 2010; accepted 16 July 2010.
- forensic science;
- handler’s DNA;
- sample collection;
Abstract: Obtaining quality DNA profiles from firearms can be instrumental in assisting criminal investigations. Typically, swabbings of firearms for handler’s DNA are conducted on specific regions of the firearm prior to submission to the laboratory for analysis. This review examines and compares 32 cases whose gun swabbings were either analyzed individually according to the specific region which was swabbed, or analyzed collectively by combining the swabbings from all the individual areas. Those firearms whose swabs were analyzed separately exhibited lower DNA yields and consequently fewer loci exhibiting genotypes. Those cases whose swabs were analyzed collectively exhibited higher DNA yields and consequently greater numbers of loci exhibiting genotypes. These findings demonstrate that collective swabbings result in more complete profiles and lead to the recommendation that a firearm be swabbed in its entirety using no more than two swabs.