Present address: Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Illinois, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61803.
TECHNICAL NOTE PATHOLOGY/BIOLOGY; GENERAL
Utilization of Paw Prints for Species Identification in the Canidae Family
Article first published online: 6 APR 2011
© 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences
Journal of Forensic Sciences
Volume 56, Issue 4, pages 1041–1043, July 2011
How to Cite
Stern, A. W. and Lamm, C. G. (2011), Utilization of Paw Prints for Species Identification in the Canidae Family. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 56: 1041–1043. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01768.x
- Issue published online: 5 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 6 APR 2011
- Received 26 April 2010; and in revised form 09 July 2010; accepted 24 July 2010.
- forensic science;
- forensic pathology;
- paw print;
Abstract: In this report, the bodies of six skinned animals were submitted to the Oklahoma Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory for necropsy examination as authorities were concerned these animals were domestic dogs. Given the condition of the animals, identification of the animal species could not be based on traditional physical characteristics such as size, fur characteristics, and ear characteristics. The paw prints from these animals were characterized based on size, heel pad architecture, and claw characteristics. The length of the forepaws measured 3–3.25 in., four toes were observed and only the claws of digits 3 and 4 were identified, and the heel pad had a pronounced three-lobed rear margin. The rear margin of the heel pad of the hind foot was of circular shape with two slightly forward-pointing crescents laterally. Based on the features of the paw print it was determined that the animals necropsied were coyotes.