TECHNICAL NOTE PATHOLOGY/BIOLOGY
The Association Between Body Mass Index and Pulmonary Thromboembolism in an Autopsy Population
Article first published online: 3 APR 2012
© 2012 American Academy of Forensic Sciences
Journal of Forensic Sciences
Volume 57, Issue 5, pages 1336–1338, September 2012
How to Cite
Rosenfeld, H. E., Tsokos, M. and Byard, R. W. (2012), The Association Between Body Mass Index and Pulmonary Thromboembolism in an Autopsy Population. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 57: 1336–1338. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02140.x
- Issue published online: 5 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 3 APR 2012
- Received 15 Mar. 2011; and in revised form 14 June 2011; accepted 19 Aug. 2011.
- forensic science;
- pulmonary thromboembolism;
- risk factor;
Abstract: To evaluate the association between obesity and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in a forensic context, 160 autopsy cases of fatal PTE were compared with age- and gender-matched controls. The mean age of cases was 66 years (range 26–98 years; M/F 74:86). The mean body mass index (BMI) of cases with PTE was 30.88 (range 14.95–79.51), which was significantly higher than in the controls (mean BMI = 25.33; range 12.49–61.84) (p < 0.0001). Comparing the group with PTE with controls showed that five (3.1%) compared to 20 (12.5%) were underweight, 39 (24.4%) compared to 67 (41.88%) were of normal weight, 49 (30.63%) compared to 43 (26.88%) were overweight, 43 (26.88%) compared to 24 (15%) were obese, and 24 (15.0%) compared to six (3.75%) were morbidly obese. In each category of above-normal BMIs, there were significantly greater numbers in the groups with PTE: overweight (p < 0.01), obese (p < 0.001), and morbidly obese (p < 0.0001).