Presented as an oral presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 21–26, 2011, in Chicago, IL.
TECHNICAL NOTE ANTHROPOLOGY
The Use of Vertebral Osteoarthritis and Osteophytosis in Age Estimation*
Article first published online: 6 APR 2012
© 2012 American Academy of Forensic Sciences
Journal of Forensic Sciences
Volume 57, Issue 6, pages 1537–1540, November 2012
How to Cite
Listi, G. A. and Manhein, M. H. (2012), The Use of Vertebral Osteoarthritis and Osteophytosis in Age Estimation. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 57: 1537–1540. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02152.x
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 6 APR 2012
- Received 26 April 2011; and in revised 29 July 2011; accepted 19 Aug. 2011.
- forensic science;
- forensic anthropology;
- vertebral osteophytosis;
- age estimation;
- skeletal pathologies
Abstract: Previous research on age and vertebral degenerative change has focused on osteophytosis. The present study expands this research by examining the association between osteoarthritis and osteophytosis and by assessing their relationship to age. Researchers scored the bodies and facets in 104 individuals. Statistical analyses assessed relationships between age and degenerative change for the bodies and facets, both separately and combined, for all vertebrae collectively, and for subcategories of vertebral types. Separate analyses were conducted which included only regions that experience heavier stress loads. Results indicate that osteophytosis and osteoarthritis are not associated with each other for all subcategories of vertebrae. Also, the inclusion of osteoarthritis does not enhance the relationship between age and degenerative change, nor does limiting analyses to areas of heaver stress. Finally, although both conditions are significantly correlated with age, the relationship is not strong enough to yield predictive power for establishing age beyond a general estimate.