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A Discriminant Analysis of Gender and Counselor Professional Identity Development


  • This research was funded in part by a Chi Sigma Iota international professional advocacy research grant.

concerning this article should be addressed to Amanda C. Healey, Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling, Sam Houston State University, 1932 Bobby K Marks Drive, CEC 122, Huntsville, TX 77341 (e-mail:


This quantitative study examined professional identity development and orientation for 489 counseling practitioners, educators, and trainees as predicted by participant-identified sex and engagement in professional activities. Differences between male and female participants regarding aspects of professional identity were evaluated. Discriminant analysis results indicate sex differences in professional identity development. Additional regression analysis revealed a significant predictive relationship between professional engagement and professional identity orientation and development.

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