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The Relationship Between Supervisee Stress, Coping Resources, the Working Alliance, and the Supervisory Working Alliance


concerning this article should be addressed to Philip B. Gnilka, Counseling and Human Development Services, Kent State University, PO Box 5190, Kent, OH 44242 (e-mail:


The authors examined the relationship of perceived stress, specific types of coping resources, the working alliance, and the supervisory working alliance among 232 counselor supervisees. The working alliance and the supervisory working alliance were negatively related to perceived stress and positively related to multiple coping resources. Two regression models for predicting the working alliance and supervisory working alliance from perceived stress and specific coping resources were significant. Implications for practice and research are discussed.