Evolution of Counseling in Jamaica: Past, Present, and Future Trends
Article first published online: 25 JAN 2012
© 2012 by the American Counseling Association. All rights reserved.
Journal of Counseling & Development
Volume 90, Issue 1, pages 97–101, January 2012
How to Cite
Palmer, G. J., Palmer, R. W. and Payne-Borden, J. (2012), Evolution of Counseling in Jamaica: Past, Present, and Future Trends. Journal of Counseling & Development, 90: 97–101. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-6676.2012.00013.x
- Issue published online: 25 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 25 JAN 2012
- Received 02/09/11; Revised 04/04/11; Accepted 04/15/11
Counseling maintains a small yet growing presence in Jamaica as a profession. Practitioners are confronted with several societal problems. The authors provide a historical overview of Jamaica and a synopsis of the development of counseling. The emergence of counseling services through the limitations of psychiatry and psychology sets the stage for current practices and notable involvement of guidance counselors. It is concluded that the continued growth and effectiveness of counseling is dependent on overcoming negative attitudes and economic barriers.