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Counseling in Zimbabwe: History, Current Status, and Future Trends


  • The authors thank Shupikai Zebron for her contribution to this article.

concerning this article should be addressed to Kimberly A. M. Richards, Department of Public Health, Oregon State University, 700 Ermine Street SE, Albany, OR 97322 (e-mail:


Counseling in Zimbabwe has a long tradition, dating back to pre-Colonial times. In the modern context, counseling has evolved through the educational and health care sectors. Since the 1990s, Zimbabwean counselors have advocated for professional recognition, a struggle similar to that of counselors in the United States. In this article, the authors provide a historical view of counseling in Zimbabwe, discuss the current status of and future trends in counseling, and make recommendations for the advancement of the profession.

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