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Keywords:

  • neuroscience;
  • neurobiology;
  • posttraumatic stress disorder;
  • cognitive behavioral therapy;
  • neurobiological basis of behavior

There is increasing evidence to support the biological basis of mental disorders. Subsequently, understanding the neurobiological context from which mental distress arises can help counselors appropriately apply cognitive behavioral therapy and other well-researched cognitive interventions. The purpose of this article is to describe the neurobiological context underlying the formation and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorders, a mental disorder frequently encountered by counselors, from a cognitive therapy framework.