SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Antonovics, J., and P. H. Thrall. 1994. Cost of resistance and the maintenance of genetic-polymorphism in host-pathogen systems. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 257:105110.
  • Boots, M., and M. Begon. 1993. Trade-offs with resistance to a granulosis-virus in the Indian meal moth, examined by a laboratory evolution experiment. Funct. Ecol. 7:528534.
  • Boots, M., and R. G. Bowers. 1999. Three mechanisms of host resistance to microparasites—avoidance, recovery and tolerance—show different evolutionary dynamics. J. Theor. Biol. 201:1323.
  • Boots, M., and R. G. Bowers. 2004. The evolution of resistance through costly acquired immunity. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 271:715723.
  • Boots, M., and Y. Haraguchi. 1999. The evolution of costly resistance in host–parasite systems. Am. Nat. 153:359370.
  • Bowers, R. G. 1999. A baseline model for the apparent competition between many host strains: the evolution of host resistance to microparasites. J. Theor. Biol. 200:6575.
  • Bowers, R. G.. 2001. The basic depression ratio of the host: the evolution of host resistance to microparasites. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268:243250.
  • Bowers, R. G., M. Boots, and M. Begon. 1994. Life-history trade-offs and the evolution of pathogen resistance—competition between host strains. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 257:247253.
  • Bowers, R. G., A. Hoyle, A. White, and M. Boots. 2005. The geometric theory of adaptive evolution: trade-off and invasion plots. J. Theor. Biol. 233:363377.
  • Day, T., and J. G. Burns. 2003. A consideration of patterns of virulence arising from host–parasite coevolution. Evolution 57:671676.
  • Fellowes, M. D. E., A. R. Kraaijeveld, and H. C. J. Godfray. 1998. Trade-off associated with selection for increased ability to resist parasitoid attack in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265:15531558.
  • Frank, S. A. 1996. Models of parasite virulence. Q. Rev. Biol. 71:3778.
  • Frank, S. A.. 2000. Specific and non-specific defense against parasitic attack. J. Theor. Biol. 202:283304.
  • Gandon, S., and Y. Michalakis. 2000. Evolution of parasite virulence against qualitative or quantitative host resistance. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267:985990.
  • Gandon, S., M. Van Baalen, and V. A. A. Jansen. 2002. The evolution of parasite virulence, superinfection, and host resistance. Am. Nat. 159:658669.
  • Geritz, S. A. H., E. Kisdi, G. Meszena, and J. A. J. Metz. 1998. Evolutionarily singular strategies and the adaptive growth and branching of the evolutionary tree. Evol. Ecol. 12:3557.
  • Jokela, J., P. Schmid-Hempel, and M. C. Rigby. 2000. Dr. Pangloss restrained by the Red Queen—steps towards a unified defence theory. Oikos 89:267274.
  • Kraaijeveld, A. R., and H. C. J. Godfray. 1997. Trade-off between parasitoid resistance and larval competitive ability in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 389:278280.
  • Ludwig, D., D. D. Jones, and C. S. Holling. 1978. Qualitative-analysis of insect outbreak systems—spruce budworm and forest. J. Anim. Ecol. 47:315332.
  • Mallon, E. B., R. Loosli, and P. Schmid-Hempel. 2003. Specific versus nonspecific immune defense in the bumblebee, Bombus terrestris L. Evolution 57:14441447.
  • Maynard Smith, J., and G. R. Price. 1973. Logic of animal conflict. Nature 246:1518.
  • Medzhitov, R., and C. A. Janeway. 1997. Innate immunity: the virtues of a nonclonal system of recognition. Cell 91:295298.
  • Menezes, H., and C. Jared. 2002. Immunity in plants and animals: common ends through different means using similar tools. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C 132:17.
  • Metz, J. A. J., S. A. H. Geritz, G. Meszena, F. J. A. Jacobs, and J. S. Van Heerwaarden. 1996. Adaptive dynamics: a geometrical study of nearly faithful reproduction. Pp. 183231 in S. J.Van Strien and S. M.Verduyn Lunel, eds. Stochastic and spatial structures of dynamical systems. Elsevier, Amsterdam , North Holland .
  • Miller, M. R., A. White, and M. Boots. 2005. The evolution of host resistance: tolerance and control as distinct strategies. J. Theor. Biol. 236:198207.
  • Moret, Y. 2003. Explaining variable costs of the immune response: selection for specific versus non-specific immunity and facultative life history change. Oikos 102:213216.
  • Restif, O., and J. C. Koella. 2003. Shared control of epidemiological traits in a coevolutionary model of host–parasite interactions. Am. Nat. 161:827836.
  • Rinkevich, B. 1999. Invertebrates versus vertebrates innate immunity: in the light of evolution. Scand. J. Immunol. 50:456460.
  • Roff, D. A. 1992. The evolution of life histories: theory and analysis. Chapman and Hall, New York .
  • Roy, B. A., and J. W. Kirchner. 2000. Evolutionary dynamics of pathogen resistance and tolerance. Evolution 54:5163.
  • Schmid-Hempel, P. 2003. Variation in immune defence as a question of evolutionary ecology. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 270:357366.
  • Schmid-Hempel, P.. 2005. Evolutionary ecology of insect immune defenses. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50:529551.
  • Schmid-Hempel, P., and D. Ebert. 2003. On the evolutionary ecology of specific immune defence. Trends Ecol. Evol. 18:2732.
  • Shudo, E., and Y. Iwasa. 2001. Inducible defense against pathogens and parasites: optimal choice among multiple options. J. Theor. Biol. 209:233247.
  • Stearns, S. C. 1992. The evolution of life-histories. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford , U.K .
  • Svensson, E., B. Sinervo, and T. Comendant. 2001. Density-dependent competition and selection on immune function in genetic lizard morphs. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:1256112565.
  • Van Baalen, M. 1998. Coevolution of recovery ability and virulence. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265:317325.
  • Van Boven, M., and F. J. Weissing. 2004. The evolutionary economics of immunity. Am. Nat. 163:277294.
  • Watson, A. J., and J. E. Lovelock. 1983. Biological homeostasis of the global environment—the parable of Daisyworld. Tellus Ser. B Chem. Phys. Meteorol. 35:284289.
  • Webster, J. P., and M. E. J. Woolhouse. 1999. Cost of resistance: relationship between reduced fertility and increased resistance in a snail-schistosome host–parasite system. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 266:391396.
  • Zuk, M., and A. M. Stoehr. 2002. Immune defense and host life history. Am. Nat. 160:S9S22.