NATURAL SELECTION IN POPULATIONS SUBJECT TO A MIGRATION LOAD
Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2007
Volume 61, Issue 9, pages 2229–2243, September 2007
How to Cite
Bolnick, D. I. and Nosil, P. (2007), NATURAL SELECTION IN POPULATIONS SUBJECT TO A MIGRATION LOAD. Evolution, 61: 2229–2243. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00179.x
- Issue online: 25 JUL 2007
- Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2007
- Received March 5, 2007Accepted May 16, 2007
- 1973. International symposium in information theory. Pp. 267–281 in Petran, B. N. and Csaki, F. eds. 2nd ed Akademiai Kiadi, Budapest .
- Evidence for asymmetric migration load in a pair of ecologically divergent stickleback populations. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. In press . , , and .
- 2002. Visual predators select for crypticity and polymorphism in virtual prey. Nature 415:609–613. , and .
- 2007. Limits to evolution at range margins. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23:140–147. , and .
- 1971a. Stable equilibria under the migration matrix model. Heredity 27:419–430.
- 1971b. Stable equilibria under the two-island model. Heredity 27:321–330.
- 1972. Multiple niche polymorphism. Am. Nat. 106:254–257.
- 2000. Phylogenetic evidence for the evolution of ecological specialization in Timema walking-sticks. J. Evol. Biol. 13:249–262. , and .
- 1986. Natural selection in the wild. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton , NJ .
- 1976. The theoretical population genetics of variable selection and migration. Annu. Rev. Genet. 10:253–280.
- 1930. The genetical theory of natural selection. Carendon Press, Oxford .
- 1997. Genetic models of adaptation and gene flow in peripheral populations. Evolution 51:21–28. , and .
- 1930. A mathematical theory of natural and artificial selection. Part IV. Isolation. Proc. Camb. Philol. Soc. 26:220–230.
- 1994. Metapopulations and conservation in P. J.Edwards, R.May and N. R.Webb, eds. Large-scale ecology and conservation biology. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Boston , MA .
- 2001. Population mixing and the adaptive divergence of quantitative traits in discrete populations: a theoretical framework for empirical tests. Evolution 55:459–466. , , and .
- 2004. How much of the variation in adaptive divergence can be explained by gene flow? An evaluation using lake-stream stickleback pairs. Evolution 58:2319–2331. , and .
- 2002. Adaptive divergence and the balance between selection and gene flow: lake and stream stickleback in the Misty system. Evolution 56:1199–1216. , , and .
- 1997. How does immigration influence local adaptation? A reexamination of a familiar paradigm. Am. Nat. 149:563–572. , and .
- 2000. Adaptation to marginal habitats: contrasting influence of the dispersal rate on the fate of alleles with small and large effects. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. 267:1315–1320.
- 2004. Conceptual issues in local adaptation. Ecol. Lett. 7:1225–1241. , and .
- 1992. Morph and age specific crypsis in Lake Erie water snakesL inheritance. Evol. Ecol. 6:115–124.
- 1993. Color-pattern variation in Lake Erie water snakes: prediction and measurement of natural selection. Evolution 47:1819–1833.
- 1995. Color-pattern variation in Lake Erie water snakes: the role of gene flow. Evolution 49:885–896. , and .
- 1997. Evolution of a species' range. Am. Nat. 150:1–23. , and .
- 1983. The measurement of selection on correlated characters. Evolution 37:1210–1226. , and .
- 2002. Gene flow and the limits to natural selection. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17:183–189.
- 1974. Analysis of variance in complex experimental designs. W. H. Freeman & Co. San Francisco , CA .
- 2005. Both selection and gene flow are necessary to explain adaptive divergence: evidence from clinal variation in stream stickleback. Evol. Ecol. Res. 7:871–886. , and .
- 2004. Reproductive isolation caused by visual predation on migrants between divergent environments. Proc. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 271:1521–1528.
- 2004. Does gene flow constrain adaptive divergence or vice versa? A test using ecomorphology and sexual isolation in Timema cristinae walking sticks. Evolution 58:102–112. , and .
- 2006. Experimental evidence that predation promotes divergence during adaptive radiation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:9090–9095. , and .
- 2002. Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation. Nature 417:440–443. , , and .
- 2003. Reproductive isolation driven by the combined effects of ecological adaptation and reinforcement. Proc. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 270:1911–1918. , , and .
- 2006a. Migration and the genetic covariance between habitat preference and performance. Am. Nat. 167:E66–E78. , , , and .
- 2007. Natural selection and divergence in mate preference during speciation. Genetica 129:309–327. , , , and .
- 2006b. The evolution of host preference in allopatric vs. parapatric populations of Timema cristinae walking-sticks. J. Evol. Biol. 19:929–942. , , and .
- 2005. Reproductive isolation caused by natural selection against immigrants from divergent habitats. Evolution 59:705–719. , , and .
- 1993. Investigation of potential gene flow limitation of behavioral adaptation in an aridlands spider. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 32:355–363.
- 2001. When sources become sinks: migrational meltdown in heterogeneous habitats. Evolution 55:1520–1531. , and .
- 2000. Natural Selection and parallel speciation in sympatric sticklebacks. Science 287:306–308. , , , and .
- 1993. Geographic, ecological and behavioral factors affecting spatial variation in color or morph frequency in the walking-stick Timema cristinae. Evolution and ecology. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara , CA .
- 1994a. The effects of the relative geographic scales of gene flow and selection on morph frequencies in the walking-stick Timema cristinae. Evolution 48:1866–1879.
- 1994b. Differential visual predation on morphs of Timema cristinae (Phasmatodeae: Timemidae) and its consequences for host range. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 52:341–356.
- 2000. Presence of a walking-stick population (Phasmatoptera: Timematodea) after a wildfire. Southwest. Nat. 45:19–25.
- 2005. Counteracting selective regimes and host preference evolution in ecotypes of two species of walking-sticks. Evolution 59:2405–2413. , and .
- 2000. The ecology of adaptive radiation. Oxford Univ. Press, New York .
- 1985. Gene flow in natural populations. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 16:393–430.
- 1999. Gene flow and endangered species translocations: a topic revisited. Biol. Conserv. 87:173–180.
- 1998. Gene flow and ineffective antipredator behavior in a stream-breeding salamander. Evolution 52:558–565. , and .
- 1931. Evolution in Mendelian populations. Genetics 16:97–159.