SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Abbott, R. J., and M. F. Gomes. 1989. Population genetic structure and outcrossing rate of Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. Heredity 62:411418.
  • Andersson, S. 1994. Floral stability, pollination efficiency, and experimental manipulation of the corolla phenotype in Nemophila menziesii (Hydrophyllaceae). Am. J. Bot. 81:13971402.
  • Andersson, S. 1996. Floral variation in Saxifraga granulata: phenotypic selection, quantitative genetics and predicted response to selection. Heredity 77:217223.
  • Armbruster, W. S., V. S. Di Stilio, J. D. Tuxill, T. C. Flores, and J. L. Velasquez Runk. 1999. Covariance and decoupling of floral and vegetative traits in nine Neotropical plants: a re-evaluation of Berg's correlation-pleiades concept. Am. J. Bot. 86:3955.
  • Arnold, S. J. 1992. Constraints on phenotypic evolution. Am. Nat. 140:S85S107.
  • Bakker, E. G., E. A. Stahl, C. Toomajian, M. Nordborg, M. Kreitman, and J. Bergelson. 2006. Distribution of genetic variation within and among local populations of Arabidopsis thaliana over its species range. Mol. Ecol. 15:14051418.
  • Ballaré, C. L., R. A. Sanchez, A. L. Scopel, J. J. Casal, and C. M. Ghersa. 1987. Early detection of neighbor plants by phytochrome perception of spectral changes in reflected sunlight. Plant Cell Environ. 10:551558.
  • Ballaré, C. L., and A. L. Scopel. 1997. Phytochrome signalling in plant canopies: testing its population-level implications with photoreceptor mutants of Arabidopsis. Funct. Ecol. 11:441450.
  • Barrett, S. C. H. 2002. The evolution of plant sexual diversity. Nat. Rev. Genet. 3:274284.
  • Barrett, S. C. H., L. D. Harder, and A. C. Worley. 1996. The comparative biology of pollination and mating in flowering plants. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 351:12711280.
  • Bateman, A. J. 1955. Self-incompatibility systems in angiosperms. III. Cruciferae. Heredity 9:5268.
  • Beck, J. B., I. A. Al-Shehbaz, and B. A. Schaal. 2006. Leavenworthia (Brassicaceae) revisited: testing classic systematic and mating system hypotheses. Syst. Bot. 31:151159.
  • Berg, R. L. 1960. The ecological significance of correlation pleiades. Evolution 14:171180.
  • Bergelson, J., C. B. Purrington, and G. Wichmann. 1998. Promiscuity in transgenic plants. Nature 395:25.
  • Björklund, M. 2004. Constancy of the G matrix in ecological time. Evolution 58:11571164.
  • Blows, M. W., and A. A. Hoffmann. 2005. A reassessment of genetic limits to evolutionary change. Ecology 86:13711384.
  • Botto, J. F., and H. Smith. 2002. Differential genetic variation in adaptive strategies to a common environmental signal in Arabidopsis accessions: phytochrome-mediated shade avoidance. Plant Cell Environ. 25:5363.
  • Busch, J. W. 2005. The evolution of self-compatibility in geographically peripheral populations of Leavenworthia alabamica (Brassicaceae). Am. J. Bot. 92:15031512.
  • Callahan, H. S., and M. Pigliucci. 2002. Shade-induced plasticity and its ecological significance in wild populations of Arabidopsis thaliana. Ecology 83:19651980.
  • Campbell, D. R. 1996. Evolution of floral traits in a hermaphroditic plant: field measurements of heritabilities and genetic correlations. Evolution 50:14421453.
  • Caruso, C. M. 2004. The quantitative genetics of floral trait variation in Lobelia: potential constraints on adaptive evolution. Evolution 58:732740.
  • Castellanos, M. C., P. Wilson, and J. D. Thomson. 2003. Pollen transfer by hummingbirds and bumblebees, and the divergence of pollination modes in Penstemon. Evolution 57:27422752.
  • Charlesworth, D., and X. Vekemans. 2005. How and when did Arabidopsis thaliana become highly self-fertilising. BioEssays 27:472476.
  • Conner, J., and S. Via. 1993. Patterns of phenotypic and genetic correlations among morphological and life-history traits in wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum. Evolution 47:704711.
  • Conner, J. K. 2002. Genetic mechanisms of floral trait correlations in a natural population. Nature 420:407410.
  • Conner, J. K., R. Davis, and S. Rush. 1995. The effect of wild radish flora morphology on pollination efficiency by four taxa of pollinators. Oecologia 104:234245.
  • Conner, J. K., and A. Sterling. 1995. Testing hypotheses of functional relationships: a comparative survey of correlation patterns among floral traits in five insect-pollinated plants. Am. J. Bot. 82:13991406.
  • Cresswell, J. E. 1998. Stabilizing selection and the structural variability of flowers within species. Ann. Bot. 81:463473.
  • Cresswell, J. E. 2000. Manipulation of female architecture in flowers reveals a narrow optimum for pollen deposition. Ecology 81:32443249.
  • Diggle, P. K. 1997. Ontogenetic contingency and floral morphology—the effects of architecture and resource limitation. Int. J. Plant Sci. 158:S99S107.
  • Donohue, K., D. Messiqua, E. H. Pyle, M. S. Heschel, and J. Schmitt. 2000a. Evidence of adaptive divergence in plasticity: density- and site-dependent selection on shade-avoidance responses in Impatiens capensis. Evolution 54:19561968.
  • Donohue, K., E. H. Pyle, D. Messiqua, M. S. Heschel, and J. Schmitt. 2000b. Density dependence and population differentiation of genetic architecture in Impatiens capensis in natural environments. Evolution 54:19691981.
  • Dudley, S. A., and J. Schmitt. 1996. Testing the adaptive plasticity hypothesis: density-dependent selection on manipulated stem length in Impatiens capensis. Am. Nat. 147:445465.
  • Eckert, C. G., and A. Schaefer. 1998. Does self-pollination provide reproductive assurance in Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae)? Am. J. Bot. 85:919924.
  • Falconer, D. S., and T. F. C. Mackay. 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman, Harlow , U.K.
  • Fankhauser, C. 2001. The phytochromes, a family of red/far-red absorbing photoreceptors. J. Biol. Chem. 276:1145311456.
  • Fenster, C. B., and L. F. Galloway. 1997. Developmental homeostasis and floral form: evolutionary consequences and genetic basis. Int. J. Plant Sci. 158:S121S130.
  • Fenster, C. B., and K. Ritland. 1994. Evidence for natural selection on mating system in Mimulus (Scrophulariaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 155:588596.
  • Galen, C. 1999. Why do flowers vary? The functional ecology of variation in flower size and form within natural plant populations. Bioscience 49:631640.
  • Goosey, L., L. Palecanda, and R. A. Sharrock. 1997. Differential patterns of expression of the Arabidopsis PHYB, PHYD, and PHYE phytochrome genes. Plant Physiol. 115:959969.
  • Grant, V. 1994. Modes and origins of mechanical and ethological isolation in angiosperms. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:310.
  • Griffith, C., E. Kim, and K. Donohue. 2004. Life-history variation and adaptation in the historically mobile plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae) in North America. Am. J. Bot. 91:837849.
  • Harder, L. D., and S. C. H. Barrett. 1993. Pollen removal from tristylous Pontederia cordata: effects of anther position and pollinator specialization. Ecology 74:10591072.
  • Herrera, C. M. 2001. Deconstructing a floral phenotype: do pollinators select for corolla integration in Lavandula latifolia? J. Evol. Biol. 14:574584.
  • Herrera, C. M., X. Cerda, M. B. Garcia, J. Guitian, M. Medrano, P. J. Rey, and A. M. Sanchez-Lafuente. 2002. Floral integration, phenotypic covariance structure and pollinator variation in bumblebee-pollinated Helleborus foetidus. J. Evol. Biol. 15:108121.
  • Jones, M. E. 1971. The population genetics of Arabidopsis thaliana. I. The breeding system. Heredity 27:3950.
  • Juenger, T., J. M. Perez-Perez, S. Bernal, and J. L. Micol. 2005. Quantitative trait loci mapping of floral and leaf morphology traits in Arabidopsis thaliana: evidence for modular genetic architecture. Evol. Develop. 7:259271.
  • Karron, J. D., R. T. Jackson, N. N. Thumser, and S. L. Schlicht. 1997. Outcrossing rates of individual Mimulus ringens genets are correlated with anther-stigma separation. Heredity 79:365370.
  • Kingsolver, J. G., H. E. Hoekstra, J. M. Hoekstra, D. Berrigan, S. N. Vignieri, C. E. Hill, A. Hoang, P. Gibert, and P. Beerli. 2001. The strength of phenotypic selection in natural populations. Am. Nat. 157:245261.
  • Lande, R. 1979. Quantitative genetic analysis of multivariate evolution, applied to brain:body size allometry. Evolution 33:402416.
  • Lande, R. 1980. The genetic covariance between characters maintained by pleiotropic mutations. Genetics 94:203216.
  • Lande, R., and S. J. Arnold. 1983. The measurement of selection on correlated characters. Evolution 37:12101226.
  • Lloyd, D. G. 1992. Self- and cross-fertilization in plants: II. The selection of self-fertilization. Int. J. Plant Sci. 153:370380.
  • Mable, B. K., A. V. Robertson, S. Dart, C. Di Berardo, and L. Witham. 2005. Breakdown of self-incompatibility in the perennial Arabidopsis lyrata (Brassicaceae) and its genetic consequences. Evolution 59:14371448.
  • Maloof, J. N., J. O. Borevitz, T. Dabi, J. Lutes, R. B. Nehring, J. L. Redfern, G. T. Trainer, J. M. Wilson, T. Asami, C. C. Berry, D. Weigel, and J. Chory. 2001. Natural variation in light sensitivity of Arabidopsis. Nat. Genet. 29:441446.
  • Merilä, J., and M. Björklund. 2004. Phenotypic integration as a constraint and adaptation. Pp. 107129 in M.Pigliucci, and K.Preston, eds. Phenotypic integration: studying the ecology and evolution of complex phenotypes. Oxford Univ. Press, New York , New York .
  • Moeller, D. A. 2006. Geographic structure of pollinator communities, reproductive assurance, and the evolution of self-pollination. Ecology 87:15101522.
  • Motten, A. F., and J. L. Stone. 2000. Heritability of stigma position and the effect of stigma-anther separation on outcrossing in a predominantly self-fertilizing weed, Datura stramonium (Solanaceae). Am. J. Bot. 87:339347.
  • Paulsen, S. M. 1996. Quantitative genetics of the wing color pattern in the buckeye butterfly (Precis coenia and Precis evarete): evidence against the constancy of G. Evolution 50:15851597.
  • Phillips, P. C., and S. J. Arnold. 1999. Hierarchical comparison of genetic variance-covariance matrices. I. Using the flury hierarchy. Evolution 53:15061515.
  • Pigliucci, M. 2002. Ecology and evolutionary biology of Arabidopsis Pp. 120 in E. M.Meyerowitz, ed. The Arabidopsis Book. American society of plant biologists, Rockville , MD , doi DOI: 10.1199/tab.0003, http://www.aspb.org/publications/arabidopsis/.
  • Podolsky, R. H., R. G. Shaw, and F. H. Shaw. 1997. Population structure of morphological traits in Clarkia dudleyana. II. Constancy of within-population genetic variance. Evolution 51:17851796.
  • Roff, D. A. 1997. Evolutionary quantitative genetics. Chapman and Hall, New York , New York .
  • Sanders, P. M., A. Q. Bui, K. Weterings, K. N. McIntire, Y.-C. Hsu, P. Y. Lee, M. T. Truong, T. P. Beals, and R. B. Goldberg. 1999. Anther developmental defects in Arabidopsis thaliana male-sterile mutants. Sex. Plant Reprod. 11:297322.
  • Schluter, D. 1996. Adaptive radiation along genetic lines of least resistance. Evolution 50:17661774.
  • Schmitt, J., and S. A. Dudley. 1996. Testing the adaptive plasticity hypothesis for plant responses to neighbors. Plant Species Biol. 11:5967.
  • Schmitt, J., S. A. Dudley, and M. Pigliucci. 1999. Manipulative approaches to testing adaptive plasticity: phytochrome-mediated shade-avoidance responses in plants. Am. Nat. 154:S43-S54.
  • Schmitt, J., J. R. Stinchcombe, M. S. Heschel, and H. Huber. 2003. The adaptive evolution of plasticity: phytochrome-mediated shade avoidance responses. Integr. Comp. Biol. 43:459469.
  • Sharrock, R. A., and T. Clack. 2002. Patterns of expression and normalized levels of the five Arabidopsis phytochromes. Plant Physiol. 130:442456.
  • Sharrock, R. A., and P. H. Quail. 1989. Novel phytochrome sequences in Arabidopsis thaliana: structure, evolution, and differential expression of a plant regulatory photoreceptor family. Genes Dev. 3:17451757.
  • Smith, H. 1986. The perception of light quality. Pp. 187217 in R. E.Kendrick, and G. H. M.Kronenberg, eds. Photomorphogenesis in plants. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston , MA .
  • Smith, H. 1994. Sensing the light environment: the functions of the phytochrome family. Pp. 377416 in R. E.Kendrick, and G. H. M.Kronenberg, eds. Photomorphogenesis in plants. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands .
  • Smith, H. 1995. Physiological and ecological function within the phytochrome family. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 46:289315.
  • Smith, H. 2000. Phytochromes and light signal perception by plants—an emerging synthesis. Nature 407:585591.
  • Smith, H., and G. C. Whitelam. 1997. The shade avoidance syndrome: multiple responses mediated by multiple phytochromes. Plant Cell Environ. 20:840844.
  • Somers, D. E., and P. H. Quail. 1995a. Phytochrome-mediated light regulation of PHYA- and PHYB-GUS transgenes in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Plant Physiol. 107:523534.
  • Somers, D. E. 1995b. Temporal and spatial expression patterns of PHYA and PHYB genes in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 7:413427.
  • Stebbins, G. L. 1970. Adaptive radiation of reproductive characteristics in angiosperms, I: pollination mechanisms. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 1:307326.
  • Sultan, S. E., and F. A. Bazzaz. 1993a. Phenotypic plasticity in Polygonum persicaria. II. Norms of reaction to soil moisture and the maintenance of genetic diversity. Evolution 47:10321049.
  • Sultan, S. E. 1993b. Phenotypic plasticity in Polygonum persicaria: I. Diversity and uniformity of genotypic norms of reaction to light. Evolution 47:10091031.
  • Takebayashi, N., D. E. Wolf, and L. F. Delph. 2006. Effect of variation in herkogamy on outcrossing within a population of Gilia achilleifolia. Heredity 96:159165.
  • Ushimaru, A., and K. Nakata. 2002. The evolution of flower allometry in selfing species. Evol. Ecol. Res. 4:12171227.
  • Webb, C. J., and D. G. Lloyd. 1986. The avoidance of interference between the presentation of pollen and stigmas in angiosperms II. herkogamy. NZ J. Bot. 24:163178.
  • Weinig, C. 2000. Differing selection in alternative competitive environments: shade-avoidance responses and germination timing. Evolution 54:124136.
  • Weinig, C. 2002. Phytochrome photoreceptors mediate plasticity to light quality in flowers of the Brassicaceae. Am. J. Bot. 89:230235.
  • Weinig, C., J. A. Johnston, C. G. Willis, and J. N. Maloof. 2007. Antagonistic multilevel selection on size and architecture in variable density settings. Evolution 61:5867.
  • Wender, N. J., C. R. Polisetty, and K. Donohue. 2005. Density-dependent processes influencing the evolutionary dynamics of dispersal: a functional analysis of seed dispersal in Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae). Am. J. Bot. 92:960971.