SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Ahrens, H. 1976. Multivariate variance-covariance components (MVCC) and generalized intraclass correlation coefficient (GICC). Blom. Z. Bd. 18: 527533.
  • Arnold, S. J. 1992. Constraints on phenotypic evolution. Am. Nat. 140:S85S107.
  • Ashman T-L, and C. Majetic. 2006. Genetic constraints on floral evolution: a review and evaluation of patterns. Heredity 96:343352.
  • Barker, J. S. F., and R. H. Thomas. 1987. A quantitative genetic perspective on adaptive evolution. Pp. 323 in V.Loeschcke, ed. Genetic constraints on adaptive evolution. Springer-Verlag, Berlin .
  • Bjorklund, M. 2004. Constancy of the G matrix in ecological time. Evolution 58:11571164.
  • Blows M, and A. Hoffmann. 2005. A reassessment of genetic limits to evolutionary change. Ecology 86:13711384.
  • Blows, M. W., S. Chenoweth, and E. Hine. 2004. Orientation of the genetic variance-covariance matrix and the fitness surface for multiple male sexually-selected traits. Am. Nat. 163:329340.
  • Blows, M. W., and M. Higgie. 2003. Genetic constraints on the evolution of mate recognition under natural selection. Am. Nat. 161:240253.
  • Bolnick, D. I. 2004. Can intraspecific competition drive disruptive selection? An experimental test in natural populations of sticklebacks. Evolution 58:608618.
  • Bright, K. 1998. Geographic variation and natural selection on a leaf shape polymorphism in the Ivyleaf morning glory (Ipomoea hederacea). p. 107. Department of Biology. Duke Univ. , Durham , NC .
  • Brown, B. A., and M. T. Clegg. 1984. Influence of flower color polymorphism on genetic transmission in a natural population of the common morning glory, Ipomoea purpurea. Evolution 38:796803.
  • Brown, W. L. Jr., and E. O. Wilson. 1956. Character displacement. Syst. Zool. 5:4964.
  • Campbell, D. R. 1996. Evolution of floral traits in a hermaphroditic plant: field measurements of heritabilities and genetic correlations. Evolution 50:14421453.
  • Caruso, C. 2004. The quantitative genetics of floral trait variation in Lobelia: potential constraints on adaptive evolution. Evolution 58:732740.
  • Caruso, C. M. 2000. Competition for pollination influences selection on floral traits of Ipomopsis aggregata. Evolution 54:15461557.
  • Cheverud, J. M. 1984. Quantitative genetics and developmental constraints on evolution by selection. J. Theor. Biol. 110:155171.
  • Clark, A. G. 1987. Genetic correlations: The quantitative genetics of evolutionary constraints. Pp. 2545 in V.Loeschcke, ed. Genetic constraints on adaptive evolution. Springer-Verlag, Berlin .
  • Conner, J. 2002. Genetic mechanisms of floral trait correlations in a natural population. Nature 420:407410.
  • Conner, J., and S. Via. 1993. Patterns of phenotypic and genetic correlations among morphological and life-history traits in wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum. Evolution 47:704711.
  • Darwin, C. 1859. On the origin of species. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge , MA .
  • Elle, E. 1998. The quantitative genetics of sex allocation in the andromonecious perennial, Solanum carolinense (L.). Heredity 80:481488.
  • Ennos, R. A. 1981. Quantitative studies of the mating system in two sympatric species of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae). Genetica 57:9398.
  • Etterson, J. R., and R. G. Shaw. 2001. Evolution in response to global warming. Science 294:151154.
  • Falconer, D., and T. Mackay. 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Prentice Hall, London .
  • Gore, P. L., B. M. Potts, P. W. Volker, and J. Megalos. 1990. Unilateral cross-compatibility in Eucalyptus: the case of hybridization between E. globulus and E. nitens. Aust. J. Bot. 38:383394.
  • Gould, S. J., and R. C. Lewontin. 1979. The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programme. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 205:581598.
  • Guries, R. P. 1978. A test of the mentor pollen technique in the genus Ipomoea. Euphytica 27:825830.
  • Hartl, D. L., and A. G. Clark. 1997. Principles of population genetics. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland , MA .
  • Hill, J. P., and E. M. Lord. 1989. Floral development in Arabidopsis thaliana: a comparison of the wild type and the homeotic pistillata mutant. Can. J. Bot. 67:29222936.
  • Kiang, Y. T., and J. L. Hamrick. 1978. Reproductive isolation in the Mimulus guttatus-M. nasutus complex. Am. Midl. Nat. 100:269276.
  • Lande, R. 1979. Quantitative genetic analysis of multivariate evolution, applied to brain:body size allometry. Evolution 33:402416.
  • Lande, R., and S. J. Arnold. 1983. The measurement of selection on correlated characters. Evolution 37:12101226.
  • Levin, D. 1971. The origin of reproductive isolating mechanisms in flowering plants. Taxon 21:91113.
  • Levin, D. 1985. Reproductive character displacement in Phlox. Evolution 39:12751281.
  • Lynch M, and B. Walsh. 1998. Genetics and analysis of quantitative traits. Sinauer Associates, Inc, Sunderland , MA.
  • Mauricio, R. 1998. Costs of resistance to natural enemies in field populations of the annual plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Am. Nat. 151:2028.
  • Maynard Smith, J., R. Burian, S. Kauffman, P. Alberch, J. Campbell, B. Goodwin, R. Lande, D. Raup, and L. Wolfpert. 1985. Developmental constraints and evolution. Q. Rev. Biol. 60:265287.
  • Meagher, T. R. 1992. The quantitative genetics of sexual dimorphism in Silene latifolia (Caryophyllaceae). I. Genetic variation. Evolution 46:445457.
  • Mitchell, R. J., R. G. Shaw, and N. W. Waser. 1998. Pollinator selection, quantitative genetics, and predicted evolutionary responses of floral traits in Penstemon centranthifolius (Scrophulariaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 159:331337.
  • Pfennig, D. W., A. M. Rice, and R. A. Martin. 2007. Field and experimental evidence for competition's role in phenotypic divergence. Evolution 61:257271.
  • Rathcke, B. 1983. Competition and facilitation among plants for pollination. Pp. 305327 in L.Real, ed. Pollination biology. Academic Press, New York .
  • Roughgarden, J. 1979. Theory of population genetics and evolutionary ecology: an introduction. MacMillan, New York .
  • Schluter, D. 1994. Experimental evidence that competition promotes divergence in adaptive radiation. Science 266:798801.
  • Schluter, D. 2003. Frequency dependent natural selection during character displacement in sticklebacks. Evolution 57:11421150.
  • Smith, R., and M. Rausher. 2007. Close clustering of anthers and stigma in Ipomoea hederacea enhances prezygotic isolation from Ipomoea purpurea. New Phytol. 173:641647.
  • Smith, R., and M. D. Rausher. 2008. Experimental evidence that selection favors character displacement in the ivyleaf morning glory. Am. Nat. 171:19.
  • Steppan, S. J., P. C. Phillips, and D. Houle. 2002. Comparative quantitative genetics: evolution of the G-matrix. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17:320327.
  • Stinchcombe, J. R., and M. D. Rausher. 2001. Diffuse selection on resistance to deer herbivory in the Ivyleaf morning glory, Ipomoea hederacea. Am. Nat. 158:376388.
  • Stinchcombe, J. R., and M. D. Rausher. 2002. The evolution of tolerance to deer herbivory: modifications caused by the abundance of insect herbivores. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 269:12411246.
  • Stucky, J. M. 1984. Forager attraction by sympatric Ipomoea hederacea and I. purpurea (Convolvulaceae) and corresponding forager behavior and energetics. Am. J. Bot. 71:12371244.
  • Stucky, J. M. 1985. Pollination systems of sympatric Ipomoea hederacea and I. purpurea and the significance of interspecific pollen flow. Am. J. Bot. 72:3243.
  • Walker, T. J. 1974. Character displacement and acoustic insects. Am. Zool. 14:11371150.
  • Waser, N. 1983. Competition for pollination and floral character differences among sympatric plant species: A review of the evidence. Pp. 277293 in C. E.Jones and R. J.Little, eds. Handbook of experimental pollination biology. Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York .
  • Williams, E. G., and J. L. Rouse. 1990. Relationships of pollen size, pistil length, and pollen-tube growth-rates in Rhododendron and their influence on hybridization. Sexual Plant Reprod. 3:717.
  • Wolfe, L. M., and D. R. Sowell. 2006. Do pollination syndromes partition the pollinator community? A test using four sympatric morning glory species. Int. J. Plant Sci. 167:11691175.