EVOLUTION BY FISHERIAN SEXUAL SELECTION IN DIPLOIDS

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Abstract

Most models of Fisherian sexual selection assume haploidy. However, analytical models that focus on dynamics near fixation boundaries and simulations show that the resulting behavior depends on ploidy. Here we model sexual selection in a diploid to characterize behaviour away from fixation boundaries. The model assumes two di-allelic loci, a male-limited trait locus subject to viability selection, and a preference locus that determines a female's tendency to mate with males based on their genotype at the trait locus. Using a quasi-linkage equilibrium (QLE) approach, we find a general equation for the curves of quasi-neutral equilibria, and the conditions under which they are attracting or repelling. Unlike in the haploid model, the system can move away from the internal curve of equilibria in the diploid model. We show that this is the case when the combined forces of natural and sexual selection induce underdominance at the trait locus.

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