SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Aoki, K., M. W. Feldman, and B. Kerr. 2001. Models of sexual selection on a quantitative genetic trait when preference is acquired by sexual imprinting. Evolution 55:2532.
  • Ayala, J., and C. A. Campbell. 1974. Frequency dependent selection. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 5:115138.
  • Conner, J. K. 2003. Artificial selection: a powerful tool for ecologists. Ecology 84:16501660.
  • Emerson, S. B. 2000. Vertebrate secondary sexual characteristics—physiological mechanisms and evolutionary patterns. Am. Nat. 156:8491.
  • Falconer, D. S., and T. F. C. Mackay. 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman, Harlow , U.K.
  • Finch, C. E., and M. R. Rose. 1995. Hormones and the physiological architecture of life-history evolution. Q. Rev. Biol. 70:152.
  • Fisher, R. A. 1930. The genetical theory of natural selection. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford .
  • Folstad, I., and A. J. Karter. 1992. Parasites, bright males, and the immunocompetence handicap. Am. Nat. 139:603622.
  • Frankino, W. A., B. J. Zwaan, D. L. Stern, and P. M. Brakefield. 2005. Natural selection and developmental constraints in the evolution of allometries. Science 307:718720.
  • Fuller, R. C., C. F. Baer, and J. Travis. 2005. How and when selection experiments might actually be useful. Integr. Comp. Biol. 45:391404.
  • Gail, M., and R. Simon. 1985. Testing the qualitative interactions between treatment effects and patient subsets. Biometrics 41:361372.
  • Gockel, J., B. Harr, C. Schlotterer, W. Arnold, G. Gerlach, and D. Tautz. 1997. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci from Apodemus flavicollis (Rodentia, Muridae) and Clethrionomys glareolus (Rodentia, Cricetidae). Mol. Ecol. 6:597599.
  • Gonzalez, G., G. Sorci, A. P. Moeller, P. Ninni, C. Haussy, and F. De Lope. 1999. Immunocompetence and condition-dependent sexual advertisement in male house sparrows (Passer domesticus). J. Anim. Ecol. 68:12251234.
  • Greives, T. J., J. W. McGlothlin, J. M. Jawor, G. E. Demas, and E. D. Ketterson. 2006. Testosterone and innate immune function inversely covary in a wild population of breeding Dark-Eyed Juncos (Junco hyemalis). Funct. Ecol. 20:812818.
  • Gromko, M. H. 1977. What is frequency-dependent selection? Evolution 31:438442.
  • Gross, W. G., P. B. Siegel, R. W. Hall, C. H. Domermuth, and R. T. Duboise. 1980. Production and persistence of antibodies in chickens to sheep erythrocytes. 2. Resistance to infectious diseases Poult. Sci. 59:205210.
  • Grossman, C. J. 1985. Interactions between the gonadal steroids and the immune system. Science 227:257260.
  • Gustafsson, L., D. Nordling, M. S. Andersson, B. C. Sheldon, and A. Qvarnstrom. 1994. Infectious diseases, reproductive effort and the cost of reproduction in birds. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 346:323331.
  • Hakkarainen, H., E. Koskela, T. Mappes, T. Soveri, E. Huhta, and P. Suorsa. 2007. Eimeria-parasites are associated with life history traits in island and mainland populations of the bank vole. Parasitology 134:2331.
  • Hall, D. W., M. Kirkpatrick, and B. West. 2000. Runaway sexual selection when female preferences are directly selected. Evolution 54:18621869.
  • Hamilton, W. D., and M. Zuk. 1982. Heritable true fitness and bright birds: a role for parasites? Science 218:384387.
  • Hau, M. 2007. Regulation of male traits by testosterone: implications for the evolution of vertebrate life histories. Bioessays 29:133144.
  • Haukisalmi, V., and H. Henttonen. 2000. Variability of helminth assemblages and populations in the bank vole Clethrionomys glareolus. Pol. J. Ecol. 48:219231.
  • Hoffmeyer, I. 1982. Responses of female bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) to dominant vs subordinant conspecific males and to urine odours from dominant vs subordinant males. Behav. Neur. Biol. 36:178188.
  • Horne, T. J., and H. Ylönen. 1996. Female bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) prefer dominant males; but what if there is no choice? Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 38:401405.
  • Horne, T. J., and H. Ylönen. 1998. Heritabilities of dominance-related traits in male bank voles Clethrionomys glareolus. Evolution 41:894899.
  • Houle, D. 1992. Comparing evolvability and variability of quantitative traits. Genetics 130:195204.
  • Jia, F.-Y., M. D. Greenfield, and R. D. Collins. 2000. Genetic variance of sexually selected traits in waxmoths: maintenance by genotype × environment interaction. Evolution 54:953967.
  • Kallio, E. R., M. Begon, H. Henttonen, E. Koskela, T. Mappes, A. Vaheri, and O. Vapalahti. 2009. Cyclic hantavirus epidemics in humans predicted by rodent host dynamics. Epidemics. 1:101107.
  • Kallio, E. R., L. Voutilainen, O. Vapalahti, A. Vaherl, H. Henttonen, E. Koskela, and T. Mappes. 2007. Endemic hantavirus infection impairs the winter survival of its rodent host. Ecology 88:19111916.
  • Karbowiak, G., and E. Sinski. 1996. The finding of Babesia microti in bank vole Clethrionomys glareolus in the district of Mazury Lakes (Poland). Acta Paras. 41:5051.
  • Ketterson, E. D., and V. Nolan, Jr. 1992. Hormones and life histories: an integrative approach. Am. Nat. 140:533562.
  • Ketterson, E. D., and V. Nolan, Jr. 1999. Adaptation, exaptation, and constraint: a hormonal perspective. Am. Nat. 154:S4S25.
  • Kokko, H., R. Brooks, J. M. McNamara, and A. I. Houston. 2002. The sexual selection continuum. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 269:13311340.
  • Kruczek, M. 1997. Male rank and female choice in the bank vole, Clethrionomys glareolus. Behav. Proc. 40:171176.
  • Lessells, C. M., and P. T. Boag. 1987. Unrepeatable repeatabilities: a common mistake. Auk 104:116121.
  • Lochmiller, R. L., M. R. Vestey, and J. C. Boren. 1993. Relationship between protein nutritional status and immunocompetence in Northern Bobwhite chicks. Auk 110:503510.
  • Luster, M. I., C. Portier, D. G. Pait, G. J. Rosenthal, D. R. Germolec, E. Corsini, B. L. Blaylock, P. Pollock, Y. Kouchi, W. Craig, et al. 1993. Risk assessment in immunotoxicology. II. Relationships between immune and host resistance tests. Fund. Appl. Toxic. 21:7182.
  • Mappes, T., M. Koivula, E. Koskela, T. A. Oksanen, T. Savolainen, and B. Sinervo. 2008. Frequency and density-dependent selection on life-history strategies—a field experiment. PLoS one 3:e1687.
  • Martin, L. B., K. J. Navara, Z. M. Weil, and R. J. Nelson. 2007. Immunological memory is compromised by food restriction in deer mice Peromyscus maniculatus. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 292:R316R320.
  • McGlothlin, J. W., J. M. Jawor, and E. D. Ketterson. 2007. Natural variation in testosterone-mediated trade-off between mating effort and parental effort. Am. Nat. 170:864875.
  • McTier, T. L., D. J. Shanks, J. A. Wren, R. H. Six, D. D. Bowman, J. W. McCall, G. Pengo, C. Genchi, C. D. Smothers, T. G. Rowan, et al. 2000. Efficacy of selamectin against experimentally induced and naturally acquired infections of Toxocara cati and Ancylostoma tubaeforme in cats. Vet. Parasitol. 91:311319.
  • Mills, S. C., R. V. Alatalo, E. Koskela, J. Mappes, T. Mappes, and T. A. Oksanen. 2007a. Signal reliability compromised by genotype by environment interaction and potential mechanisms for its preservation. Evolution 61–7:17481757.
  • Mills, S. C., A. Grapputo, E. Koskela, and T. Mappes. 2007b. Quantitative measure of sexual selection with respect to the operational sex ratio: a comparison of selection indices. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 274:143150.
  • Mills, S. C., L. C. Hazard, L. Lancaster, T. Mappes, D. B. Miles, T. A. Oksanen, and B. Sinervo. 2008. Gonadotropin hormone modulation of testosterone, immune function, performance and behavioral tradeoffs among male morphs of the lizard, Uta stansburiana. Am. Nat. 171:339357.
  • Mills, S. C., A. Grapputo, I. Jokinen, E. Koskela, T. Mappes, T. A. Oksanen, and T. Poikonen. 2009. Testosterone-mediated effects on fitness-related phenotypic traits and fitness. Am. Nat. 173:475487.
  • Nordling, D., M. Andersson, S. Zohari, and L. Gustafsson. 1998. Reproductive effort reduces specific immune response and parasite resistance. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B. 265:12911298.
  • Norris, K., and M. R. Evans. 2000. Ecological immunology: life history trade-offs and immune defense in birds. Behav. Ecol. 11:1926.
  • Oksanen, T. A., R. V. Alatalo, T. J. Horne, E. Koskela, J. Mappes, and T. Mappes. 1999. Maternal effort and male quality in the bank vole, Clethrionomys glareolus. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B. 266:14951499.
  • Oksanen, T. A., E. Koskela, and T. Mappes. 2002. Hormonal manipulation of offspring number: maternal effort and reproductive costs. Evolution 56:15301537.
  • Oksanen, T. A., I. Jokinen, E. Koskela, T. Mappes, and H. Vilpas. 2003. Manipulation of offspring number and size: benefits of large body size at birth depend upon the rearing environment. J. Anim. Ecol. 72:321330.
  • Paterson, S., and J. Lello. 2003. Mixed models: getting the best use of parasitological data. Trends Parasitol. 19:370375.
  • Radwan, J., M. Chadzinska, M. Cichon, S. C. Mills, B. Matula, E. T. Sadowska, K. Baliga, A. Stanisz, S. Lopuch, and P. Koteja. 2006. Metabolic costs of sexual advertisement in the bank vole, Clethrionomys glareolus. Evol. Ecol. Res. 8:859869.
  • Reed, W. L., M. E. Clark, P. G. Parker, S. A. Raouf, N. Arguedas, D. S. Monk, E. Snajdr, V. Nolan Jr., and E. D. Ketterson. 2006. Physiological effects on demography: a long-term experimental study of testosterone's effects on fitness. Am. Nat. 167:667683.
  • Ricklefs, R. E., and M. Wikelski. 2002. The physiology/life-history nexus. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17:462468.
  • Rikalainen, K., A. Grapputo, E. Knott, E. Koskela, and T. Mappes. 2008. A large panel of novel microsatellite markers for the bank vole (Myodes glareolus). Mol. Ecol. Resour. 8:11641168.
  • Roff, D. A., and D. J. Fairbairn. 2007. The evolution of trade-offs: where are we? J. Evol. Biol. 20:433447.
  • Saino, N., A. M. Bolzern, and A. P. Møller. 1997. Immunocompetence, ornamentation, and viability of male barn swallows (Hirundo rustica). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 94:549552.
  • Sheldon, B. C., and S. Verhulst. 1996. Ecological immunology: costly parasite defences and trade-offs in evolutionary ecology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 11:317321.
  • Siegel, S., and N. J. Castellan. 1988. Nonparametric statistics for the behavioral sciences. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Singapore .
  • Sinervo, B., and E. Svensson. 1998. Mechanistic and selective causes of life history trade-offs and plasticity. Oikos 83:432442.
  • Sokal, R. R., and F. J. Rohlf. 1997. Biometry: the principles and practice of statistics in biological research. W. H. Freeman and Co., New York .
  • Sorci, G., J. J. Soler, and A. P. Moller. 1997. Reduced immunocompetence of nestlings in replacement clutches of the European magpie (Pica pica). Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B. 264:15931598.
  • Soveri, T., H. Henttonen, E. Rudback, R. Schildt, R. Tanskanen, J. Husu-Kallio, V. Haukisalmi, A. Sukura, and J. Laakkonen. 2000. Disease patterns in field and bank vole populations during a cyclic decline in central Finland. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 23:7389.
  • Stearns, S. C. 1989. Trade-offs in life-history evolution. Funct. Ecol. 3:259268.
  • Stearns, S. C. 1992. The evolution of life histories. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford .
  • Tälleklint, L., and T. G. T. Jaenson. 1996. Relationship between Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) density and the prevalence of infection with Borrelia-like spirochetes and the density of infected ticks. J. Med. Ento. 33:805811.
  • Trivers, R. L. 1974. Parent–offspring conflict. Am. Zool. 14:249264.
  • Verhulst, S., S. J. Dieleman, and H. K. Parmentier. 1999. A tradeoff between immunocompetence and sexual ornamentation in domestic fowl. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96:44784481.
  • Viney, M. E., E. M. Riley, and K. L. Buchanan. 2005. Optimal immune responses: immunocompetence revisited. Trends Ecol. Evol. 20:665669.
  • Wedekind, C., and I. Folstad. 1994. Adaptive or nonadaptive immunosuppression by sex hormones. Am. Nat. 143:936938.
  • Williams, G. C. 1966. Adaptation and natural selection. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton , NJ .
  • Zahavi, A. 1975. Mate selection—a selection for a handicap. J. Theor. Biol. 67:603606.
  • Zera, A. J., and L. G. Harshman. 2001. The physiology of life history trade-offs in animals. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32:95106.
  • Zuk, M., and A. M. Stoehr. 2002. Immune defense and host life history. Am. Nat. 160:S9S22.