SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Ackerly, D. D. 2003. Community assembly, niche conservatism, and adaptive evolution in changing environments. Int. J. Plant Sci. 164:165184.
  • Anacker, B. L. 2011. Phylogenetic patterns of endemism and diversity Pp. xxxx in S. P.Harrison and N.Rajakaruna, eds. Serpentine. The evolution and ecology of a model system. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley , CA , In press .
  • Baldwin, B. G. 2005. Origin of the serpentine-endemic herb Layia discoidea from the widespread L. glandulosa (Compositae). Evolution 59:24732479.
  • Barraclough, T., and V. Savolainen. 2001. Evolutionary rates and species diversity in flowering plants. Evolution 55:677683.
  • Beardsley, P. M., S. E. Schoenig, J. B. Whittall, and R. G. Olmstead. 2004. Patterns of evolution in western North American Mimulus (Phrymaceae). Am. J. Bot. 91:474489.
  • Berenbaum, M. R. 1996. Introduction to the symposium: on the evolution of specialization. Am. Nat. 148:78.
  • Bollback, J. P. 2006. SIMMAP: stochastic character mapping of discrete traits on phylogenies. BMC Bioinform. 7:88.
  • Borhidi, A. 1991. Phytogeography and vegetation ecology of Cuba. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest .
  • Borhidi, A. 2001. Phylogenetic trends in Ni-accumulating plants. S. Afr. J. Sci. 97:544547.
  • Brady, K. U., A. R. Kruckeberg, and H. D. Bradshaw Jr. 2005. Evolutionary ecology of plant adaptation to serpentine soils. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 36:243266.
  • Brooks, R. R. 1987. Serpentine and its vegetation: a multidisciplinary approach. Dioscorides Press, Portland .
  • Brown, J. H. 1995. Macroecology. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago .
  • Cope, E. D. 1896. The primary factors of organic evolution. The Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago .
  • Crnokrak, P., and D. A. Roff. 1999. Inbreeding depression in the wild. Heredity 83:260270.
  • De Kok, R. 2002. Are plant adaptations to growing on serpentine soil rare or common? A few case studies from New Caledonia. Adansonia 24:229238.
  • Elmendorf, S. C., and K. A. Moore. 2007. Plant competition varies with community composition in an edaphically complex landscape. Ecology 88:26402650.
  • Fine, P. V. A., D. C. Daly, G. Villa Munoz, I. Mesones, and K. M. Cameron. 2005. The contribution of edaphic heterogeneity to the evolution and diversity of Burseraceae trees in the western Amazon. Evolution 59:14641478.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. 2010. diversitree: comparative phylogenetic tests of diversification. R package version 0.4–5. Available at http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/prog/diversitree (accessed February 20, 2010).
  • FitzJohn, R., W. Maddison, and S. Otto. 2009. Estimating trait-dependent speciation and extinction rates from incompletely resolved phylogenies. Syst. Biol. 58:595611.
  • Futuyma, D. J., and G. Moreno. 1988. The evolution of ecological specialization. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 19:207233.
  • Gaston, K. J., and T. M. Blackburn. 2000. Pattern and process in macroecology. Blackwell, Oxford .
  • Goldberg, E. E., and B. Igic. 2008. On phylogenetic tests of irreversible evolution. Evolution 62:27272741.
  • Goldberg, E. E., K. Roy, R. Lande, and D. Jablonski. 2005. Diversity, endemism, and age distributions in macroevolutionary sources and sinks. Am. Nat. 165:623633.
  • Grant, P. R., and B. R. Grant. 2007. How and why species multiply: the radiation of Darwin's finches. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton , NJ .
  • Gulmon, S. L. 1992. Patterns of seed germination in Californian serpentine grassland species. Oecologia 89:2731.
  • Hall, T. A. 1999. BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis. Available at http://www.mbio.ncsu.edu/BioEdit/bioedit.html (accessed June 1, 2009).
  • Harrison, S. P., H. D. Safford, and J. Wakabayashi. 2004. Does the age of exposure of serpentine explain variation in endemic plant diversity in California? Int. Geol. Rev. 46:235242.
  • Harrison, S. P., H. D. Safford, J. B. Grace, J. H. Viers, and K. F. Davies. 2006. Regional and local species richness in an insular environment: serpentine plants in California. Ecol. Monogr. 76:4156.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual. Higher plants of California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley , CA .
  • Hooper, D. U., and P. M. Vitousek. 1997. The effects of plant composition and diversity on ecosystem processes. Science 277:1302.
  • Kass, R., and A. Raftery. 1995. Bayes factors. J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 90:773795.
  • Kay, K., K. Ward, L. Watt, and D. Schemske. 2011. Plant speciation. In S. P.Harrison and N.Rajakaruna, eds. Serpentine. The evolution and ecology of a model system. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley , CA . In press .
  • Kay, K. M., J. B. Whittall, and S. A. Hodges. 2006. A survey of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer substitution rates across angiosperms: an approximate molecular clock with life history effects. BMC Evol. Biol. 6:36.
  • Kraft, N. J. B., R. Valencia, and D. D. Ackerly. 2008. Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest. Science 322:580.
  • Kruckeberg, A. R. 1984. California serpentines: flora, vegetation, geology, soils, and management problems. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley , CA .
  • Kruckeberg, A. R. 1991. An essay: geoedaphics and island biogeography for vascular plants. Aliso 13:225238.
  • Lande, R. 1993. Risks of population extinction from demographic and environmental stochasticity and random catastrophes. Am. Nat. 142:911.
  • Liancourt, P., R. M. Callaway, and R. Michalet. 2005. Stress tolerance and competitive-response ability determine the outcome of biotic interactions. Ecology 86:16111618.
  • Losos, J. B., T. R. Jackman, A. Larson, K. de Queiroz, and L. Rodriguez-Schettino. 1998. Contingency and determinism in replicated adaptive radiations of island lizards. Science 279:21152118.
  • Maddison, W. P. 2006. Confounding asymmetries in evolutionary diversification and character change. Evolution 60:17431746.
  • Maddison, W. P., P. E. Midford, and S. P. Otto. 2007. Estimating a binary character's effect on speciation and extinction. Syst. Biol. 56:701710.
  • Mayer, M. S., and P. S. Soltis. 1994. The evolution of serpentine endemics: a chloroplast DNA phylogeny of the Streptanthus glandulosus complex (Cruciferae). Syst. Bot. 19:557574.
  • Mayer, M. S., and P. S. Soltis. 1999. Intraspecific phylogeny analysis using ITS sequences: insights from studies of the Streptanthus glandulosus complex (Cruciferae). Syst. Bot. 24:4761.
  • Mayer, M. S., P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 1994. The evolution of the Streptanthus glandulosus complex (Cruciferae): genetic divergence and gene flow in serpentine endemics. Am. J. Bot. 81:12881299.
  • Mills, L. S., and P. E. Smouse. 1994. Demographic consequences of inbreeding in remnant populations. Am. Nat. 144:412431.
  • Moore, B. R., and M. J. Donoghue. 2009. A Bayesian approach for evaluating the impact of historical events on rates of diversification. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106:43074312.
  • O’Dell, R. E., and V. P. Claassen. 2006a. Relative performance of native and exotic grass species in response to amendment of drastically disturbed serpentine substrates. J. Appl. Ecol. 43:898908.
  • O’Dell, R. E., and V. P. Claassen. 2006b. Serpentine and nonserpentine Achillea millefolium accessions differ in serpentine substrate tolerance and response to organic and Inorganic amendments. Plant Soil 279:253269.
  • O’Dell, R. E., J. J. James, and J. H. Richards. 2006. Congeneric serpentine and nonserpentine shrubs differ more in leaf Ca:Mg than in tolerance of Low N, Low P, or Heavy Metals. Plant Soil 280:4964.
  • Pagel, M., and A. Meade. 2006. Bayesian analysis of correlated evolution of discrete characters by reversible-jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo. Am. Nat. 167:808825.
  • Paradis, E. 2006. Analysis of phylogenetics and evolution with R. Springer, New York , NY .
  • Rajakaruna, N. 2004. The edaphic factor in the origin of plant species. Int. Geol. Rev. 46:471478.
  • Rajakaruna, N., and J. Whitton. 2004. Trends in the evolution of edaphic specialists with an example of parallel evolution in the Lasthenia californica complex. Pp. 103110. In Q. C. B. Cronk, I. E. P. Taylor, R. Ree, and J. Whitton, eds. Plant adaptation: molecular genetics and ecology NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Rambaut, A., and M. Charleston. 2001. TreeEdit: phylogenetic tree editor v. 1.0 alpha 10. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford , UK .
  • Raven, P. H., and D. I. Axelrod. 1978. Origin and relationships of the California flora. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley , CA .
  • Ree, R. H. 2005. Detecting the historical signature of key innovations using stochastic models of character evolution and cladogenesis. Evolution 59:257265.
  • Ronquist, F., and J. P. Huelsenbeck. 2003. MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19:15721574.
  • Safford, H. D., J. H. Viers, and S. P. Harrison. 2005. Serpentine endemism in the California flora: a database of serpentine affinity. Madroño 52:222257.
  • Sanderson, M. J., D. Boss, D. Chen, K. A. Cranston, and A. Wehe. 2008. The PhyLoTA browser: processing GenBank for molecular phylogenetics research. Syst. Biol. 57:335.
  • Schluter, D. 2002. The ecology of adaptive radiation. Oxford series in ecology and evolution. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford , UK .
  • Spencer, S. C., and J. M. Porter. 1997. Evolutionary diversification and adaptation to novel environments in Navarretia (Polemoniaceae). Syst. Bot. 22:649668.
  • Springer, Y. P. 2006. Epidemiology, resistance structure, and the effects of soil calcium on a serpentine plant-pathogen interaction. PhD thesis, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. University of California Santa Cruz , Santa Cruz .
  • Stevens, G. C. 1989. The latitudinal gradient in geographical range: how so many species coexist in the tropics. Am. Nat. 133:240.
  • Stockwell, C. A., A. P. Hendry, and M. T. Kinnison. 2003. Contemporary evolution meets conservation biology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 18:94101.
  • Takebayashi, N., and P. L. Morrell. 2001. Is self-fertilization an evolutionary dead end? Revisiting an old hypothesis with genetic theories and a macroevolutionary approach. Am. J. Bot. 88:11431150.
  • Whittall, J. B., and S. A. Hodges. 2007. Pollinator shifts drive increasingly long nectar spurs in columbine flowers. Nature 447:706710.