RECIPROCAL GENE LOSS FOLLOWING EXPERIMENTAL WHOLE-GENOME DUPLICATION CAUSES REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION IN YEAST
Version of Record online: 27 NOV 2010
© 2010 The Author(s). Evolution© 2010 The Society for the Study of Evolution.
Volume 65, Issue 4, pages 932–945, April 2011
How to Cite
Maclean, C. J. and Greig, D. (2011), RECIPROCAL GENE LOSS FOLLOWING EXPERIMENTAL WHOLE-GENOME DUPLICATION CAUSES REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION IN YEAST. Evolution, 65: 932–945. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.01171.x
- Issue online: 4 APR 2011
- Version of Record online: 27 NOV 2010
- Received March 5, 2010, Accepted September 24, 2010
- divergent resolution;
Whole-genome duplication has shaped the genomes of extant lineages ranging from unicellular fungi to vertebrates, and its association with several species-rich taxa has fuelled interest in its potential as a catalyst for speciation. One well-established model for the evolution of reproductive isolation involves the reciprocal loss of redundant genes at different loci in allopatric populations. Whole-genome duplication simultaneously doubles the entire gene content of an organism, resulting in massive levels of genetic redundancy and potential for reciprocal gene loss that may produce postzygotic reproductive isolation. Following whole-genome duplication, different populations can potentially change or lose gene function at different duplicate loci. If such populations come back into contact any F1 hybrids that are formed may suffer reduced fertility as some of the gametes they produce may not carry a full complement of functional genes. This reduction in hybrid fertility will be directly proportional to the number of divergently resolved loci between the populations. In this work, we demonstrate that initially identical populations of allotetraploid yeast subjected to mutagenesis rapidly evolve postzygotic reproductive isolation, consistent with the divergent loss of function of redundant gene copies.