SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Alberti, G. K. B. 1993. Dacryoconaride und homoctenide Tentaculiten des Unter- und Mittel-Devons I. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 158:1229.
  • Bandel, K. 1991. Ontogenetic changes reflected in the morphology of the molluscan shell. Pp. 211230 in N. Schmidt-Kittler and K. Vogel, eds. Constructional morphology and evolution. Springer, Berlin .
  • Bandel, K., and S. van Boletzky. 1979. A comparative study of the structure, development, and morphological relationships of chambered cephalopod shells. Veliger 21:313354.
  • Bandel, K., N. H. Landman, and K. M. Waage 1982. Micro-ornament on early whorls of mesozoic ammonites: implications for early ontogeny. J. Paleontol. 56:386391.
  • Becker, R. T., and M. R. House. 1994. International Devonian goniatite zonation, Emsian to Givetian, with new records from Morocco. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg (Willi Ziegler-Festschrift II) 169:79135.
  • Becker, R. T., and M. R. House. 2000. Devonian ammonoid zones and their correlation with established series and stage boundaries. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 220:113151.
  • Becker, R. T., and J. Kullmann. 1996. Paleozoic ammonoids in space and time. Pp. 711753 in N. H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R. A. Davis, eds. Ammonoid paleobiology. Topics in geobiology 13. Plenum Press, New York .
  • Becker, R. T., K. De Baets, and S. Nikolaeva. 2010. New ammonoids records from the lower Emsian of the Kitab Reserve (Uzbekistan)—preliminary results. SDS Newsl. 25:2028.
  • Berkyová, S., J. Frýda, and P. Lukes. 2007. Unsuccessful predation on Middle Paleozoic plankton: shell injury and anomalies in Devonian dacryoconarid tentaculites. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52:407412.
  • Berkyová, S., R. Brocke, O. Fatka, J. Frýda, E. Schindler, P. Filipiak, P. Budil, L. Koptíková, and T. J. Suttner. 2009. Prasinophyte bloom and intense micritization as evidences for enhanced nutrient load during Basal Choteč Event—a preliminary report. Berichte des Institutes für Erdwissenschaften der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz 14:1112.
  • Birkelund, T. 1981. Ammonoid shell structure. Pp. 177214 in M. R. House and J. R. Senior, eds. The Ammonoidea: the evolution, classification, mode of life and geological usefulness of a major fossil group, the systematics association special volume no. 18. Academic Press, London/New York .
  • Bogoslovsky, B. I. 1969. Devonian ammonoids: I. Agoniatitids. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR 124:1341. [in Russian]
  • Boletzky, S. 1987. Embryonic phase. Pp. 531 in P. R. Boyle, ed. Cephalopod life cycles, volume II: comparative reviews. Academic Press, London .
  • Boletzky, S. 1993. Development and reproduction in the evolutionary biology of Cephalopoda. Geobios 26(Suppl 1):3338.
  • Boletzky, S. 1997. Developmental constraints and heterochrony: a new look at offspring size in cephalopod mollusks. Geobios 30(Suppl 2):267275.
  • Boletzky, S. 2003. Biology of early life stages in cephalopod molluscs. Adv. Mar. Biol. 44:143203.
  • Boucot, A., and J. Gray 1982. Paleozoic data of climatological significance and their use for interpreting Silurian-Devonian climate. Pp. 189198 in W. H. Berger and J. C. Crowell,eds. Climate in earth history. National Academy Press, Washington.
  • Boyle, P., ed. 1983. Cephalopod life cycles vol. I, comparative reviews. Academic Press, London . 441 p.
  • Boyle, P., ed. 1987. Cephalopod life cycles vol. II, comparative reviews. Academic Press, London . 441 p.
  • Boyle, P., and P. Rodhouse. 2005. Cephalopods: ecology and fisheries. Wiley-Blackwell, Noida , India . 464 p.
  • Brett, C. E., and S. E. Walker. 2002. Predators and predation in Paleozoic marine environments. in M. Kowalewski and P. H. Kelley, eds. The fossil record of predation. Palaeontological Society Special Papers 8:93118.
  • Bucher, H., N. H. Landman, S. M. Klofak, and J. Guex. 1996. Mode and rate of growth in ammonoids. Pp. 407461 in N. H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R. A. Davis, eds. Ammonoid paleobiology. Topics in geobiology 13. Plenum Press, New York .
  • Calow, S. 1987. Fact and theory—an overview. Pp. 351365 in P. R. Boyle, ed. Cephalopod life cycles, volume ii: comparative reviews. Academic Press, London .
  • Carlson, B. A. 1991. Nautilus hatches at Waikiki Aquarium. Cham. Naut. Newsl. 63:23.
  • Cecca, F. 1997. Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous uncoiled ammonites: trophism-related evolutionary processes. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences. Série II. Fascicule A, Sciences de la terre et des planètes 325:629634.
  • Chlupáč, I., and V. Turek. 1983. Devonian goniatites from the Barrandian area. Czechoslovakia. Rozpravy Ustředního ústavu geologického 46:1159.
  • Davis, R. A., N. H. Landman, J. L. Dommergues, D. Marchand, and H. Bucher. 1996. Mature modifications and dimorphism in ammonoid cephalopods. Pp. 463539 in N. H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R. A. Davis, eds. Ammonoid Paleobiology. Topics in geobiology, 13, Plenum Press , New York.
  • De Baets, K., C. Klug, and D. Korn. 2009. Anetoceratinae (Ammonoidea, Early Devonian) from the Eifel and Harz Mountains (Germany), with a revision of their genera. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 252:361376.
  • De Baets, K., C. Klug, and Y. Plusquellec. 2010. Zlíchovian faunas with early ammonoids from Morocco and their use for correlation of the eastern Anti-Atlas and the western Dra Valley. Bull. Geosci. 85:317352.
  • De Baets, K., C. Klug, D. Korn, C. Bartels, and M. Poschmann. Early Emsian Ammonoidea and the age of the Hunsrück Slate (Rhenish Mountains, Western Germany). Palaeontographica A: In press.
  • Dietl, G. 1978. Die heteromorphen Ammoniten des Dogger (Stratigraphie, Taxonomie, Phylogenie, Ökologie). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, B 33:197.
  • Doguzhaeva, L. A. 2002. Adolescent bactritoid, orthoceroid, ammonoid and coleoid shells from the Late Carboniferous and Early Permian of south Urals. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt 57:955.
  • Dommergues, J.-L., S. Montuire, and P. Neige. 2002. Size patterns through time: the case of the Early Jurassic ammonite radiation. Paleobiology 28:423–434.
  • Drushits, V. V., and N. Khiami. 1970. Structure of the septa, initial chamber walls and initial whorls in early Cretaceous ammonites. Paleontol. J. 1970:2638.
  • Dzik, J. 1981. Origin of the Nautiloidea. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 26:161191.
  • Dzik, J. 1984. Phylogeny of the Nautiloidea. Palaeontologia Polonica 45:1220.
  • Engeser, T. 1990. Major events in cephalopod evolution. Pp. 119138 in P. D. Taylor, and G. P. Larwood, eds. Major evolutionary radiations. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • Erben, H. K. 1950. Bemerkungen zu Anomalien mancher Anfangswindungen von Mimagoniatites fecundus (Barr.) Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie. Monathefte: 1950:2532.
  • Erben, H. K. 1962. Über die “forme elliptique” der primitiven Ammonoidea. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 36:3844.
  • Erben, H. K. 1964. Die Evolution der ältesten Ammonoidea (Lieferung I). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 120:107212.
  • Erben, H. K. 1965. Die Evolution der ältesten Ammonoidea. II. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 122:275312.
  • Erben, H. K. 1966. Über den Ursprung der Ammonoidea. Biol. Rev. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 41:641658.
  • Etches, S., J. Clarke, and J. Callomon. 2009. Ammonite eggs and ammonitellae from the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Upper Jurassic) of Dorset, England. Lethaia 42:204217.
  • Frýda, J., A. Nützel, and P. Wagner. 2008. Paleozoic Gastropoda. Pp. 239270 in W. Ponder and D. L. Lindberg, eds. Phylogeny and evolution of the Mollusca. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley , Los Angeles , London.
  • Futuyma, D. J. 2009. Evolution. 2nd ed. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland , MA. 633 p.
  • Guex, J. 2003. A generalization of Cope's rule. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 174:449452.
  • Hickman, C. S. 1999. Adaptive function of gastropod larval shell features. Invertebr. Biol. 118:346356.
  • Hickman, C. S. 2001. Evolution and development of gastropod larval shell morphology: experimental evidence for mechanical defense and repair. Evol. Dev. 3:1823.
  • House, M. R. 1965. A study in the Tornoceratidae: the succession of Tornoceras and related genera in the North American Devonian. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 250:79130.
  • House, M. R. 1985. The ammonoid time-scale and ammonoid evolution. Geological Society, London , Memoirs 10:273283.
  • House, M. R. 1996. Juvenile goniatite survival strategies following Devonian extinction events. Pp. 163185 in M. B. Hart, ed. Biotic recovery from mass extinction events. Geological Society, London.
  • House, M. R. 2002. Strength, timing, setting and cause of mid-Palaeozoic extinctions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 181:525.
  • Ibáñez, C. M., and F. Keyl. 2010. Cannibalism in cephalopods. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 20:123136.
  • Jablonski, D., and R. A. Lutz. 1983. Larval ecology of marine benthic invertebrates: paleobiological implications. Biol. Rev. 58:2189.
  • Jacobs, D. K. 1992. Shape, drag, and power in ammonoid swimming. Paleobiology 18:203220.
  • Jacobs, D. K., and J. A. Chamberlain. 1996. Buoyancy and hydrodynamics in ammonoids. Pp. 169224 in N. H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R. A. Davis, eds. Ammonoid paleobiology. Plenum Press, New York .
  • Joachimski, M. M., S. Breisig, W. Buggisch, J. A. Talent, R. Mawson, M. Gereke, J. R. Morrow, J. Day, and K. Weddige. 2009. Devonian climate and reef evolution: insights from oxygen isotopes in apatite. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 284:599609.
  • Kaufmann, B. 2006. Calibrating the devonian time scale: a synthesis of U-Pb ID-TIMS ages and conodont stratigraphy. Earth-Science Reviews 76:175190.
  • Kennedy, W. J. 1989. Thoughts on the evolution and extinction of Cretaceous ammonites. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 100:251279.
  • Klofak, S. M., and N. H. Landman. 2010. Some exceptionally well preserved specimens of Agoniatites vanuxemi from the Middle Devonian Cherry Valley Limestone of New York State, U.S.A. Pp. 93103 in K. Tanabe, Y. Shigeta, T. Sasaki, and H. Hirano, eds. Cephalopods—present and past. Tokai Univ. Press, Tokyo.
  • Klofak, S. M., N. H. Landman, and R. H. Mapes. 1999. Embryonic development of primitive ammonoids and the monophyly of the Ammonoidea. Pp. 2345 in F. Olóriz and F. J. Rodríguez-Tovar, eds. Advancing research on living and fossil cephalopods. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
  • Klofak, S. M., N. H. Landman, and R. H. Mapes. 2007. Patterns of embryonic development in Early to Middle Devonian ammonoids. Pp. 1556 in N. H. Landman, R. A. Davis, and R. H. Mapes, eds. Cephalopods present and past: new insights and fresh perspectives. Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Klug, C. 2001a. Early Emsian ammonoids from the eastern Anti-Atlas (Morocco). Paläontologische Zeitschrift 74:479515.
  • Klug, C. 2001b. Life-cycles of Emsian and Eifelian ammonoids (Devonian). Lethaia 34:32153233.
  • Klug, C. 2002. Quantitative stratigraphy and taxonomy of late Emsian and Eifelian ammonoids of the eastern Anti-Atlas (Morocco). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 238:1109.
  • Klug, C. 2007. Sublethal injuries in Early Devonian cephalopod shells from Morocco. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52:749759.
  • Klug, C., and D. Korn. 2004. The origin of ammonoid locomotion. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 49:235242.
  • Klug, C., B. Kröger, D. Korn, M. Rücklin, M. Schemm-Gregory, K. De Baets, and R. H. Mapes. 2008. Ecological change during the early Emsian (Devonian) in the Tafilalt (Morocco), the Origin of the Ammonoidea, and the First African Pyrgocystid Edrioasteroids, Machaerids and Phyllocarids. Palaeontographica A 283:83176.
  • Klug, C., B. Kröger, W. Kiessling, G. L. Mullins, T. Servais, J. Frýda, D. Korn, and S. Turner. 2010. The Devonian nekton revolution. Lethaia 43:465477.
  • Koren, T. N., A. I. Kim, and O. H. Walliser. 2007. Contribution to the biostratigraphy around the Lochkovian-Pragian boundary in Central Asia (graptolites, tentaculites, conodonts). Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 87:187219.
  • Korn, D. 2000. Morphometric evolution and phylogeny of Palaeozoic ammonoids. Early and Middle Devonian. Acta Geologica Polonica 51:193215.
  • Korn, D., and C. Klug. 2002. Fossilium catalogus I: animalia. Ammoneae devonicae. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden .
  • Korn, D., and C. Klug. 2003. Morphological pathways in the evolution of Early and Middle Devonian ammonoids. Paleobiology 29:329348.
  • Korn, D., and C. Klug. 2007. Conch form analysis, variability, and morphological disparity of a Frasnian (Late Devonian) ammonoid assemblage from Coumiac (Montagne Noire, France). Pp. 5786 in N. H. Landman, R. A. Davis, W. Manger, and R. H. Mapes, eds. Cephalopods—present and past. Springer , New York .
  • Kröger, B. 2005. Adaptive evolution in Paleozoic coiled cephalopods. Adaptive evolution in Paleozoic coiled cephalopods. Paleobiology 31:253268.
  • Kröger, B. 2008. Nautiloids before and during the origin of ammonoids in a Siluro-Devonian section in the Tafilalt, Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Special Papers in Palaeontology 79:1110.
  • Kröger, B., and R. H. Mapes. 2007. On the origin of bactritoids (Cephalopoda). Paläontologische Zeitschrift 81:316327.
  • Kröger, B., T. Servais, and Y. Zhang. 2009. The origin and initial rise of pelagic cephalopods in the Ordovician. PLoS ONE 4: e7262. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007262
  • Kulicki, C. 1979. The ammonite shell: its structure, development and biological significance. Palaeontologica Polonica 39:97142.
  • Kulicki, C., and L. A. Doguzhaeva. 1994. Development and calcification of the ammonitella shell. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 39:11744.
  • Landman, N. H. 1982. Embryonic shell of Baculites. J. Paleontol. 56:12351241.
  • Landman, N. H. 1985. Preserved ammonitellas of Scaphites (Ammonoidea, Ancyloceratina). Am. Mus. Novit. 2815:110.
  • Landman, N. H. 1988. Early ontogeny of Mesozoic ammonites and nautilids. Pp. 215228 in J. Wiedmann and J. Kullmann, eds. Cephalopods—present and past. Schweizerbartsche , Verlag , Stuttgart .
  • Landman, N. H. 1994. Exceptionally well-preserved ammonites from the Upper Cretaceous (Turonian-Santonian) of North America: implications for ammonite early ontogeny. Am. Mus. Novit. 3086:115.
  • Landman, N. H., Tanabe, K., and Shigeta, Y. 1996. Ammonoid embryonic development. Pp. 343405 in N. H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R. A. Davis, eds. Ammonoid paleobiology. Topics in geobiology 13. Plenum Press, New York .
  • Makowski, H. 1962. Problem of sexual dimor-phism in ammonites. Palaeontologia Polonica 12:192.
  • Makowski, H. 1991. Dimorphism and evolution of the goniatite Tornoceras in the Fammennian of the Holy Cross Mountains. Acta Palaeontological Polonica 36:241254.
  • Manda, S., and J. Frýda. 2010. Silurian-Devonian boundary events and their influence on cephalopod evolution: evolutionary significance of cephalopod egg size during mass extinctions. Bull. Geosci. 85:513540.
  • Mangold, K. 1987. Reproduction. Pp. 157200 in P. R. Boyle, ed. Cephalopod life cycles vol. II, comparative reviews. Academic Press, London.
  • Mapes, R. H. 1979. Carboniferous and Permian Bactritoidea (Cephalopoda) in North America. Univ. Kansas Paleontol. Contrib. 64:175.
  • Mapes, R. H., S. Niko, J. Frýda, and A. Nützel. 2007. A newly hatched coiled nautiloid from the Permian of Italy. J. Paleontol. 81:11181121.
  • Mapes, R. H., and A. Nützel. 2009. Late Palaeozoic mollusc reproduction: cephalopod egg-laying behavior and gastropod larval palaeobiology. Lethaia 42:341356.
  • Monnet, C., K. De Baets, and C. Klug. 2011a. Parallel evolution controlled by adaptation and covariation in ammonoid cephalopods. BMC Evol. Biol. 11:115. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-115.
  • Monnet, C., C. Klug, N. Goudemand, K. De Baets, and H. Bucher. 2011b. Quantitative biochronology of Devonian ammonoids from Morocco and proposals for a refined unitary association method. Lethaia. 44:469489.
  • Morita, R. 1993. Development mechanics of retractor muscles and the “Dead Spiral Model” in gastropod shell morphogenesis. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 190:191217.
  • Morita, R. 2003. Why do univalve shells of gastropods coil so tightly? A head-foot guidance model of shell growth and its implication on developmental constraints. Pp. 345354 in T. Sekimura, S. Noji, N. Ueno, and P. K. Maini, eds. Morphogenesis and pattern formation in biological systems: experiments and models. Springer, Tokyo.
  • Moseley, H. 1838. On the geometrical forms of turbinated and discoid shells. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 128:351370.
  • Neige, P. 1997. Ontogeny of the Oxfordian ammonite Creniceras renggeri from the Jura of France. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 90:605616.
  • Nesis, K. N. 1987. Cephalopods of the world. TFH Publications, New Jersey. 351 p.
  • Nixon, M. 1987. Cephalopod diets. Pp. in Boyle  , ed. Cephalopod life cycles, volume II: comparative reviews. Academic Press, London .
  • Nixon, M. 1996. Morphology of the jaws and radula in Ammonoids. Pp. 23–42 in N. H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R. A. Davis eds. Ammonoid Paleobiology. Topics in Geobiology 13. Plenum Press, New York .
  • Nützel, A., and Frýda, J. 2003. Paleozoic plankton revolution: evidence from early gastropod ontogeny. Geology 31:829831.
  • Nützel, A., O. Lehnert, and J. Frýda. 2006. Origin of planktotrophy–evidence from early molluscs. Evol. Dev. 8:325330.
  • Okubo, S., 1989. Hatching of Nautilus belauensis in the aquarium. Aquabiology (Saisyu-to-Shiiku), 11:191 (in Japanese).
  • Palframan, D. F. B. 1966. Variation and ontogeny of some Oxfordian ammonites: Taramelliceras richei (De Loriol) and Creniceras renggeri (Oppel), from England. Palaeontology 9:290311.
  • Palframan, D. F. B. 1967. Variation and ontogeny of some Oxford clay ammonites: Distichoceras bicostatum (Stahl) and Horioceras baugieri (d’Orbigny), from England. Palaeontology 10:6094.
  • Raup, D. M. 1991. The future of analytical paleobiology. Short Courses in Paleontology 4:207216.
  • Raup, D. M., and J. A. Chamberlain. 1967. Equations for the volume and centre of gravity in ammonoid shells. J. Paleontol. 41:566574.
  • Rouget, I., and P. Neige. 2001. Embryonic ammonoid shell features: intraspecific variation revisited. Palaeontology 44:5364.
  • Schweigert, G. and V. Dietze. 1998. Revision der dimorphen Ammonitengattungen Phlycticeras Hyatt-Oecoptychius Neumayr (Strigoceratidae, Mitteljura). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, B 269:159.
  • Shigeta, Y. 1993. Post-hatching early life history of Cretaceous Ammonoidea. Lethaia 26:133145.
  • Slotta, F., D. Korn, C. Klug, B. Kröger, and H. Keupp. 2011. Sublethal shell injuries in Late Devonian ammonoids (Cephalopoda) from Kattensiepen (Rhenish Mountains). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 261:321336.
  • Sprey, A. M. 2002. Early ontogeny of three Callovian ammonite genera (Binatisphinctes, Kosmoceras (Spinikosmoceras) and Hecticoceras) from Ryazan (Russia). Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt 57:225255.
  • Stephen, D. A., and R. J. Stanton. 2002. Impact of reproductive strategy on cephalopod evolution. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt 57:151155.
  • Tanabe, K. 2011. The feeding habits of ammonites. Science 331:3738.
  • Tanabe, K. and Y. Ohtsuka. 1985. Ammonoid early internal shell structure: its bearings on early life history. Paleobiology 11:310322.
  • Tanabe, K. and J. Tsukahara. 1987. Biometric analysis of Nautilus pompilius from the Philippines and the Fiji Islands. Pp. 105113 in W. B. Saunders and N. H. Landman, eds. Nautilus: The Biology and Paleobiology of a Living Fossil. Topics in Geobiology 6. Springer , New York .
  • Tanabe, K., N. H. Landman, and R. H. Mapes. 1994a. Early shell features of some Late Paleozoic ammonoids and their systematic implications. Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, New Series 173:383400.
  • Tanabe, K., N. H. Landman, R. H. Mapes, and C. J. Faulkner. 1994b: Analysis of a Carboniferous embryonic ammonoid assemblage from Kansas. U.S.A.—implications for ammonoid embryology. Lethaia 26:215224.
  • Tanabe, K., Y. Shigeta, and R. H. Mapes. 1995. Early life history of Carboniferous ammonoids inferred from analysis of shell hydrostatics and fossil assemblages. Palaios 10:8086.
  • Tanabe, K., N. H. Landman, and Y. Yoshioka. 2003. Intra- and interspecific variation in the early internal shell features of some Cretaceous ammonoids. J. Paleontol. 77:876887.
  • Tanabe, K., C. Kulicki and N. H. Landman. 2008. Development of the embryonic shell structure of Mesozoic ammonoids. Am. Mus. Novit. 3621:119.
  • Tomašových, A., and J. Schlögl. 2008. Analyzing variations in cephalopod abundances in shell concentrations: the combined effects of production and density-dependent cementation rates. Palaios 23:648666.
  • Uchiyama, K., and K. Tanabe. 1999. Hatching of Nautilus macromphalus in the Toba Aquarium, Japan. Pp. 1316 in F. Oloriz and F. Rodriguez-Tovar, eds. Advancing research on living and fossil cephalopods.Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York .
  • Urdy, S., N. Goudemand, H. Bucher, and R. Chirat. 2010a. Allometries and the morphogenesis of the molluscan shell: a quantitative and theoretical model. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 314B:280302.
  • Urdy, S., N. Goudemand, H. Bucher, and R. Chirat. 2010b. Growth-dependent phenotypic variation of molluscan shells: implications for allometric data interpretation. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 314B:303326.
  • Vance, R. R. 1973. On reproductive strategies in marine benthic invertebrates. Am. Nat. 107:339352.
  • Vecchione, M. 1987. Juvenile ecology. Pp. 6184 in P. R. Boyle, ed. Cephalopod life cycles, volume II: comparative reviews. Academic Press, London .
  • Vermeij, G. J. 1987. Evolution and escalation: an ecological history of life. Princeton University Press, Princeton .
  • Wagner, P. J., and D. H. Erwin. 2006. Patterns of convergence in general shell form among Paleozoic gastropods. Paleobiology 32:316337.
  • Walton, S. A., D. Korn, and C. Klug. 2010. Size distribution of the Late Devonian ammonoid Prolobites: indication for possible mass spawning events. Swiss J. Geosci. 103:475494.
  • Wani, R., K. Kurihara, and K. Ayyasami. 2011. Large hatchling size in Cretaceous nautiloids persists across the end-Cretaceous mass extinction: new data of Hercoglossidae hatchlings. Cretaceous Res. 32:618622.
  • Ward, P. D., and K. Bandel. 1987. Life history strategies in fossil cephalopods. Pp. 329350 in P. R. Boyle, ed. Cephalopod life cycles, Vol. II. Academic Press, London .
  • Westermann, G. E. G. 1996. Ammonoid life and habit. Pp. 607707 in N. H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R. A. Davis, eds. Ammonoid paleobiology. Topics in geobiology 13. Plenum Press, New York .
  • Westermann, G. E. G., and C. J. Tsujita. 1998. Life habits of ammonoids. Pp. 299325 in E. Savazzi, ed. Functional morphology of the invertebrate skeleton. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester .
  • Wiedmann, J. 1973. Upper Triassic heteromorph ammonites. Pp. 235249 in A. Hallam, ed. Atlas of palaeobiogeography. Elsevier, Amsterdam .