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Figure S1. Histogram showing the sum distance of fossil taxa from their associated nodes under the simulated sampling scheme.

Figure S2. Akaike weights relative to extinction rate for each of the four models fitted to datasets simulated under BM, Trend, DC, AC, and SSP (columns).

Figure S3. Bayes factors with informative node priors derived from simulated fossil records.

Figure S4. Histogram of fossil taxa numbers used to define node priors based on the simulated fossil record.

Figure S5. Plot of the gamma statistic against extinction rate for a sample of simulated trees.

Figure S6. Median Akaike weights for each of four candidate models fitted to 500 datasets (see main text) simulated under BM (A–D), Trend (E–H), DC (I–L), AC (M–P), and SSP (Q–T).

Figure S7. Median Akaike weights for each of four candidate models fitted to 500 simulated datasets (see main text).

Figure S8. Time-calibrated phylogeny of the Canidae reconstructed and used for this analysis.

Figure S9. Time-calibrated phylogeny of the Otariidae reconstructed and used for this analysis.

Figure S10. Majority rule consensus trees from Bayesian analyses of molecular and morphological data for living and fossil Mephitids with (A) Mk+G and (B) Mk + unequal state frequencies for the morphological partition.

Figure S11. Time-calibrated phylogeny of Mephitidae reconstructed and used in this analysis.

Figure S12. Majority rule consensus trees from Bayesian analyses of molecular and morphological data for living and fossil Procyonids with (A) Mk+G and (B) Mk + unequal state frequencies for the morphological partition.

Figure S13. Time-calibrated phylogeny of Procyonidae reconstructed and used in this analysis.

Table S1. Correlation coefficients between Akaike weights for the true model of trait evolution and extinction rates of the phylogenies on which traits were simulated.

Table S2. False-positive rates for Bayesian model selection using node value priors derived from a simulated fossil record.

Table S3. Median Akaike weights over all parameter values under each fossil sampling level for the five sets of simulations.

Table S5. Sampled loci and Genbank accession numbers for the otariid analysis

Table S6. Sampled loci and Genbank accession numbers for the Mephitid analysis

Table S7. Fossil taxa used to define informative priors on node states when fitting models of quantitative trait evolution to the caniform dataset.

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EVO_1723_sm_suppmatA1.pdf2600KSupporting info item
EVO_1723_sm_suppmatA2.pdf4000KSupporting info item

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