- Top of page
- The Quantitative Genetic Approach in Brief
- Whether Correlations Cause Evolutionary Constraint Depends upon the Direction of Selection
- Genetic Correlations are Misleading Quantitative Predictors of Evolutionary Change and Constraint
- Other Constraint Metrics
- A Single-Trait Measure OF Relative Constraint
- Does the G-Matrix Cause Evolutionarily Meaningful Constraint?
- LITERATURE CITED
The study of evolutionary constraint is an active and important area, and genetic correlations and quantitative genetic techniques more generally have been the dominant approach to constraint. Here, I argue that genetic correlations are not very useful for studying constraint, review recent alternative approaches, and briefly discuss the state of our knowledge of the evolutionary importance of constraints caused by genetic variance and covariance.