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LITERATURE CITED

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  • Karve, A. D., F. A. von Hippel, and M. A. Bell. 2008. Isolation between sympatric anadromous and resident threespine stickleback species in Mud Lake, Alaska. Env. Biol. Fishes 81:287296.
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  • Lavin, P. A., and J. D. McPhail. 1986. Adaptive divergence of trophic phenotype among freshwater populations of the threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Can. J. Fisheries Aquatic Sci. 43:24552463.
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  • Morris, S. C. 2000. Evolution: bringing molecules into the fold. Cell 100: 111.
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  • Purnell, M. A., P. J. B. Hart, D. C. Baines, and M. A. Bell. 2006. Quantitative analysis of dental microwear in threespine stickleback: a new approach to analysis of trophic ecology in aquatic vertebrates. J. Anim. Ecol. 75:967977.
  • Schluter, D., and J. D. McPhail. 1992. Ecological character displacement and speciation in sticklebacks. Am. Nat. 140:85108.
  • Schluter, D. 2000. Ecological character displacement in adaptive radiation. Am. Nat. 156:S4-S16.
  • Stein B. E. 2000. Morphology of subterranean rodents. P16–61 in E. A. Lacey, J. L. Patton, and G. N. Cameron, eds. Life underground: the biology of subterranean rodents. The Univ. Chicago Press. Chicago , IL .
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  • Travis, M. 2007. The functional morphology and evolution of feeding modes in threespine stickleback. Ph.D. thesis, Stony Brook Unversity. Stony Brook , New York .
  • Wainwright, P. C., A. M. Carroll, D. C. Collar, S. W. Day, T. E. Higham, and R. A. Holzman. 2007. Suction feeding mechanics, performance, and diversity in fishes. Integr. Comp. Biol. 47:96106.
  • Walker, J. A. 1997. Ecological morphology of lacustrine threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus L. (Gasterosteidae) body shape. Biol. J. Linn. Soc 61:350.
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