Requests for reprints should be sent to Dr. James M. McKendry, 257 South Pugh Street, State College, Pennsylvania 16801,
Differences in Actual and Perceived Progress During Early Stages of Economic Development1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 2, Issue 1, pages 77–93, March 1972
How to Cite
McKendry, J. M. and McKendry, M. S. (1972), Differences in Actual and Perceived Progress During Early Stages of Economic Development. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2: 77–93. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1972.tb01265.x
Funds for data collection provided by HRB-Singer, Inc. State College, Pa. Support for analysis and interpretation provided by the Group Psychology Branch of the Office of Naval Research and the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense. Opinions are those of the authors and do not reflect official policy. The authors are also indebted to Dr. George M. Guthrie of the Pennsylvania State University and Dr. Frank Lynch and Salvador Parco of the Ateneo de Manila in the Philippines for their advice, support, and assistance. Dr. Walter Dick of Florida State University was especially helpful in giving his programming assistance.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
It is often asked if “progress”, as defined by an increase in the level of general economic development, is “real”-especially for people of lower socioeconomic status (SES). This paper investigated the empirical validity of two hypotheses relevant to this question at early stages of economic development. The controlled field study took place in the lowland Philippines. Data provided clear support for the first hypothesis (H-1), viz, as the level of community development increases, the rate of material improvement for above average individuals is much greater than that for people in lower SES groups. Still, however, things do improve for lower SES people with economic development. Further, the improvements tend to make them express more contentment and economic optimism than their more traditional counterparts (H-2B), although these data failed to support this belief to the degree they supported H-1.